For each estuary, we picked up to 500 specimens per sample, but did not pick whole pupae, SFPE with adults still attached to the pupal exuviae
, or broken specimens with less than 3/4 of the specimen complete to avoid species identification problems.
This percentage was calculated taking into account both the parasitoid specimens observed inside galls (in all developmental stages) and the exuviae
left behind by parasitoids that had already emerged by the time of sampling.
In the Laboratorio de Entomologia, exuviae
were sexed and identified following the identification keys provided by Maccagnan and Martinelli (2011) and Motta (2003), being then quantified.
For the greenhouse experiments, data on the number of eggs, mites and exuviae
per leaf, amount of silicon, amounts of amino acids, proteins, phenolic compounds, hydrogen peroxide and catalase activity were analyzed.
Present on that occasion as a visiting naturalist was one of the authors, DGC, who during his visit collected exuviae
Over a period of 20 minutes or so the adult will slowly begin to emerge, breaking its white breathing tubes in the process before hauling itself free from the exoskeleton of the nymph (which is known as the exuviae
(c) Holotype male, 1 paratype female, 4 females, 3 whole larvae, and 3 larval exuviae
, deposited in the Smithsonian/National Museum of Natural History museum collection.
frugiperda caterpillars, as many of them showed their exuviae
in the terminal part of the body, without being able to release them completely, and this was observed in both neem based treatments.
"We went into the wadi and took lots of photographs and collected lots of exuviae
, which is the husk, the larvae case of the dragonfly, and I collected this funny exuvia.
The name of the performance was taken from the word "exuviae
," Latin for "that which is stripped from the body," a term used to describe the exoskeletons left behind when insects, arachnids and crustaceans have molted.