extremophile

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extremophile

(ĭk-strē′mə-fīl′)
n.
Any of various organisms that require extreme conditions of temperature, pressure, or chemical concentration, as in very cold or salty environments, in order to thrive.

extremophile

(ĕks-trēm′ŏ-fīl) [L. extremus, outermost, + Gr. philein, to love]
An organism that can thrive in exceptionally adverse environments, such as in very cold or very hot, halogenated, or salty conditions.

extremophile

a MICROORGANISM that can grow under severe or extreme environmental conditions; for example, very high temperature, high NaCl concentration, very low pH. Often they are members of the ARCHAEA.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cuny, "Isolation of hydrocarbon-degrading extremely halophilic archaea from an uncontaminated hypersaline pond (Camargue, France)," Extremophiles, vol.
Extremozymes, enzymes produced by extremophiles, have proven to be of great importance in biotechnology and industry due to their ability to function under extreme conditions.
Thermophilic microorganisms (optimum growth temperature of 50[degrees]C or above) have attracted great attention among extremophiles because they are sources of thermostable enzymes (such as amylases, cellulases, chitinases, pectinases, xylanases, proteases, lipase, and DNA polymerases); these enzymes show unique features that can be suitable for performing biotechnological processes at elevated temperatures [8].
nov., a new thermophilic isolate from a hot spring," Extremophiles, vol.
Extremophiles can also be used to conserve the environment, he said.
Another way to deal with predators is to use extremophiles, algae that grow in extreme conditions.
In 2012 one group of my students had this great project where they were specifically going out to make artificial extremophiles. They called it the "Hell Cell," which got laughs all the way up and down Pennsylvania Avenue.
We know from the study of extremophiles on Earth that life can not only survive, but thrive in conditions that are hyperarid, very saline or otherwise 'extreme' in comparison to what is habitable to a human.
Studies of weather prediction led to the discovery of a wholly-new class of physical phenomena--chaotic systems--which have since been found to populate every nook and cranny across the span of the universe itself Studies of Earth and exotic forms of life known as extremophiles found in seafloor-spreading sites, in Antarctic ice, and at great depths in the Earth's crust, have motivated, informed, and improved the effectiveness of the study of other planets in the solar system and other solar systems across the galaxy.
Extremophiles in nature are organisms that thrive in conditions detrimental to the majority of life on earth--caves, deep seas--and when cavers and divers enter these environments, they sometimes report having an experience called the rapture, or raptures of the deep: the body's response to depth and darkness.
Extremophiles can be classified into thermophiles, psychrophiles, acidophiles, alkaliphiles, halophiles, and others [6].