extradural hematoma

epidural haematoma

A medical emergency found in 5 to 15% of fatal head injuries, in which blood accumulates in the epidural space due to blood leaking from a torn or disrupted middle meningeal artery, resulting in compression of the brain/dura mater. It is usually caused by a focal impact—either a fall or a blow to the head. Without urgent evacuation of the haematoma, tentorial herniation ensues, often followed by death.

extradural hematoma

Epidural hematoma Neurology Accumulation of blood in the epidural space, due to leakage of blood from the middle meningeal artery. Cf Subdural hematoma.
References in periodicals archive ?
The common abnormalities other than the fracture were extradural hematoma (n=17), cerebral infarct (n=16), intracerebral haemorrhage (n=15), and subdural hematoma (n=14) (table-I).
Physical and radiological findings Findings n % Skull fractures Linear fractures 25 73.5 Occipital bone 7 28.0 Temporal bone 6 24.0 Frontal bone 9 36.0 Parietal bone 3 12.0 Depressed fractures 18 52.9 Frontal bone 8 44.4 Parietal bone 4 22.2 Occipital bone 6 33.3 Basis Cranii Fractures 17 50.0 Frontobasal 7 41.2 Temporobasal 6 35.3 Occipitobasal 4 23.5 Intracranial lesion Extradural hematoma 13 38.2 Subarachnoid hemorrhage 6 17.6 Subdural hematoma 4 11.8 Cerebral edema 8 23.5 Diffuse axonal injury 2 5.9 Pneumocephalus 13 38.2 Additional lesions Subgaleal hematoma 14 41.2 Unilateral/bilateral periorbital hematoma 7 20.6 Otorrhea 3 8.8 Otorrhagia 1 2.9 Rhinorrhea 1 2.9 Rhinorrhagia 4 11.8 Superficial scalp maceration 9 26.5 Figure 1.
One patient had an implant that displaced (too few fixation points resulting in swivelling) and in another an extradural hematoma was evacuated.
Surgical management and outcome analysis of extradural hematoma at combined military hospital Rawalpindi.
Six patients had cardio respiratory arrest in the perioperative period, hypovolemic shock, seizure, CSF fistula, extradural hematoma, and partial wound dehiscence.
presented the first case of intraspinal bleeding from an epidural angiolipoma producing hyperacute paraplegia and simulating an extradural hematoma in 2008 [7].
Posterior fossa extradural hematoma: our experience and review of the literature.
POD 9 CT scan reevaluation revealed an extradural hematoma, which slowly resolved without motor impairment under conservatory treatment.
Surgical modalities include simple elevation of closed as well as compound depressed fracture, durorraphy done for dural tear and drainage of extradural hematoma (EDH) or subdural hematoma (SDH) with elevation of depressed fragment of fracture skull.
Piazza, "Rapid spontaneous disappearance of an acute extradural hematoma: case report," Journal of Trauma, vol.