It discusses three anastomoses that form the building blocks of all bypasses (end-to-side, side-to-side, and end-to-end anastomosis; 10 tenets related to bypass, namely dexterity, preparing the donors and recipients, establishing a working zone, temporary arterial occlusion, arteriotomy, suturing technique, tissue handling, knot tying, patency, and aneurysm occlusion; and the seven bypasses: extracranial-intracranial bypass
, extracranial-intracranial interpositional bypass, arterial reimplantation, in-situ bypass, reanastomosis, intracranial-intracranial interpositional bypass, and combination bypass.
Yonekawa, "Extracranial-intracranial bypass
in atherosclerotic cerebrovascular disease: Report of a single centre experience," British Journal of Neurosurgery, vol.
Outcome in adult patients with hemorrhagic moyamoya disease after combined extracranial-intracranial bypass
. J Neurosurg 2014;121:1048-55.
to reduce the risk of ischemic stroke in intracranial aneurysms of the anterior cerebral circulation: a systematic.J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis.
She was medically discharged from the Army and underwent extracranial-intracranial bypass
surgery to reduce the risk of stroke recurrence by improving the flow of blood to the blocked artery with revascularization.
Neurosurgeons from Asia, North America, and Europe address diagnosis, definitions, classifications, symptomatology, imaging, genetics, clinical assessment, epidemiology, neuropsychological considerations, the implications of cortical microvasculature, and treatment options, including medical management of childhood disease, endovascular therapy, indirect and direct revascularization procedures, multiple extracranial-intracranial bypass
surgery, and direct and indirect bypass procedures for posterior circulation, as well as anesthetic and perioperative management and the long-term results of patients in California, Japan, and Korea.
is not recommended for treatment of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis.
surgery is not recommended.
However, how can we ensure that the safety and effectiveness of procedures such as extracranial-intracranial bypass
, carotid endarterectomy, laparascopic cholecystectomy, and high-dose chemotherapy-autologous bone marrow transplantation have been established before widespread diffusion occurs?
Such as, if it is MMD, extracranial-intracranial bypass
surgery is the best choice, and if it is dissection, the interventional vascular therapy is the best option, while for vasculitis or atherosclerosis, we chose medicines for treatment firstly.