extrachromosomal


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Related to extrachromosomal: extrachromosomal inheritance

ex·tra·chro·mo·som·al

(eks'tră-krō'mō-sōm'ăl),
Outside or separated from, a chromosome; especially DNA separated from a chromosome.

extrachromosomal

(ĕk′strə-krō′mə-sō′məl)
adj.
Occurring or operating outside the chromosomes.
References in periodicals archive ?
We used UV irradiation to integrate extrachromosomal transgenes into a chromosome.
She, "Archaeal extrachromosomal genetic elements," Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, vol.
In addition, double mutants accumulate negative supercoils in extrachromosomal plasmids which appear to promote transcription initiation of ribosomal minigenes on such plasmids [218, 219].
AY102 animals were developed by introducing the acEx102 extrachromosomal array into KU25 animals, resulting in intestinal PMK-1::GFP expression [41].
By 2005, on the systematic analysis of the spacer sequences separating the individual direct repeats showed their extrachromosomal and phage-associated origins (19,20).
The second is plasmid-mediated resistance, which results from extrachromosomal elements that encode proteins that disrupt quinoloneenzyme interactions, alter drug metabolism, or increase quinolone efflux.
Resistance mechanisms may also be acquired through horizontal gene transfer of mobile genetic elements on plasmids (circular pieces of extrachromosomal DNA) that carry the resistance gene(s) between bacteria.[2] A bacterium that possesses a way of resisting an antibiotic attack has a survival advantage over bacteria that do not.
The assay most commonly used for SCID-NBS is real-time PCR to measure T-cell receptor excision circles (TREC), extrachromosomal DNA byproducts of somatic recombination in T cells (10).
Most of these organisms harbor plasmids, small covalently closed circular extrachromosomal pieces of DNA.
chlorotica without a gene transfer event incorporated into the germ line, including the possibility of extrachromosomal DNA fragments taken up during feeding and missed in the adult sequencing efforts (Bhattacharya et al., 2013).

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