extracellular

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extracellular

 [ek″strah-sel´u-ler]
situated or occurring outside a cell or cells.

ex·tra·cel·lu·lar

(eks'tră-sel'yū-lăr),
Outside the cells.

extracellular

(ĕk′strə-sĕl′yə-lər)
adj.
Located or occurring outside a cell or cells: extracellular fluid.

ex′tra·cel′lu·lar·ly adv.

ex·tra·cel·lu·lar

(eks'tră-sel'yŭ-lăr)
Outside the cells.

extracellular

In the space surrounding a cell or collection of cells. The extracellular tissue fluid is the medium of transfer of nutrient materials and oxygen, and of waste products, between the cells and the blood.

extracellular

situated or occurring outside the cell, for example extracel lular digestion, where cells secrete enzymes to break down food material which is then absorbed.

ex·tra·cel·lu·lar

(eks'tră-sel'yŭ-lăr)
Outside the cells.
References in periodicals archive ?
Currently, studies are under way more in-depth to examine the efficacy of extracellularly synthesized CuO-NPs (nanowires) in photocatalysis, fuel cells, and solar cells.
First of all, extracellularly bounded to its receptor, uPA cleaves plasminogen and releases active, multipotent serine protease plasmin that in turn, mediates ECM degradation and by proteolytic cleavage of latency-associated peptide activation of TGF-[beta] as well as MMPs from inactive zymogens [107-110].
HMGB1 can also be released extracellularly as a late mediator of lethality in sepsis, as well as after necrotic death (11), thus, the role of HMGB1 is crucial in immunoreactions.
This indicates a microbial origin as it suggests that calcite was precipitated extracellularly without enzymatic control over the crystal structure (Munnecke et al.
It is not yet known whether circRNAs exist extracellularly in body fluid.
Due to the need for new electrode placement on each preparation, and the resultant variability in extracellularly recorded impulses, intensity thresholds and intensity ranges were recorded for the appropriate responses.
(21) GRPs, which concentrate in calcified regions, regulate calcium metabolism extracellularly. Angiogenesis and cell movement are regulated by periostin, a VKDP involved in inflammation, asthma and cancer.
There was a diffuse dilation of the glomerular capillaries with an extensive deposition of predominantly extracellularly localized lipidlike material in capillary lumina and basement membranes (Figure, E and F).
Either adherent to the cell surface or extracellularly excreted in the growth medium (CHANG et al., 2005), they are surface-active macromolecules synthesized by microorganisms adapted to water' insoluble substrates (INOH et al., 2004).
Gold NPs were biosynthesized both intracellularly and extracellularly, while silver NPs were exclusively formed extracellularly.
These flavonoids showed strong radical scavenging activities both intracellularly and extracellularly. The results provided a theoretical basis for a further study on the natural extracts from J.

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