The increased extracellular fluid volume
caused by sodium and water retention generates oedema.
Weight loss is a common assessment finding in generalized extracellular fluid volume
deficits (Daniels, 2010; Shafiee et al.
Using limb circumference and voltage electrode separation measurements in an accepted geometric model, we converted the data to extracellular fluid volume
Table 2 Causes/Mechanisms of IDH Number of Causes/Mechanisms of IDH responses Rate of ultrafiltration (UF) exceeds cardiovascular compensation 300 Cardiac dysfunction 277 Decline in plasma osmolality and extracellular fluid volume
209 Autonomic dysfunction 96 Release of vasodialators such as adenosine or nitric oxide 60 Other 18 Note: Respondents could check more than one answer.
Both are stimulated by reduced extracellular fluid volume
sensed by high pressure baroreceptors located in the aortic arch and carotid sinus which relay information to the brainstem via the glossopharyngeal and vagal nerves and from the brainstem to the hypothalamus by ascending noradrenergic pathways.
A multifrequency bioimpedance analyzer (XiTRON Hydra 4200, ImpediMed; San Diego, California) that we modified for the purpose of testing people with transtibial amputation was used for assessing residual-limb extracellular fluid volume
Discuss the mechanism by which the kidney integrates signals from other body systems to control extracellular fluid volume
Using bioimpedance analysis, we measured extracellular fluid volume
changes on individuals with transtibial amputation while they ambulated with either elevated vacuum sockets, suction sockets, or sockets with lock-and-pin suspension.
Acute renal failure is a syndrome that is best described as a decline in renal function resulting in a disturbance of electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis, derangement of extracellular fluid volume
, and retention of nitrogenous wastes from protein catabolism (Brady, Brenner, & Lieberthal, 1996).
Although changes in extracellular fluid volume
lead to changes in distal tubule flow rate, [K.
Similarly, bioimpedance spectroscopy, which determines total body water and extracellular fluid volume
, is of potential benefit (Fisch & Spiegel, 1996).
5%) on extracellular fluid volumes
compared with normal saline (0.