extracapsular extension

extracapsular extension

The spread of a tumor outside the organ in which it arose, specifically, outside the tissue that separates the organ from neighboring anatomical structures.
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radical prostatectomy alone in prostate cancer patients with positive margins or extracapsular extension. European Urology, 30th July, 2019.
RT and CT should be added in high grade lymphomas which display extracapsular extension (5).
Several studies have shown that extracapsular extension is an important unfavorable prognostic factor in many types of cancer, including breast cancer (1, 6, 7, 10, 11).
Additionally, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups for parameters like BCR, Gleason score, surgical margin positivity, or extracapsular extension (9).
Final histopathologic findings were consistent with classic PTC American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage T2N1bMx, including tumor nodule measuring 3.7X2.5X2.2 cm in size without extracapsular extension, one positive lymph node in the paratracheal right neck region VI and two positive lymph nodes in the dissected region IV of the right side of the neck (infiltrated with atypical epithelial cells of light cores with intranuclear inclusions and overlapping).
Forty-one percent of the patients with extracapsular extension had a PSA <0.2 ng/ml before RT.
Ability of preoperative 3.0-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging to predict the absence of side-specific extracapsular extension of prostate cancer.
Criteria for metastatic cervical lymphadenopathy include (1) MID [greater than or equal to] 10mm for individual LNs; (2) borderline MID of 8-10mm for three or more contiguous LNs; (3) nodes of any size with central necrosis or extracapsular extension (ECE) [11-13].
SIGBIC with Extracapsular Extension. SIGBIC with extracapsular extension is related to fibrous capsule invasion.
However, only a few studies have kept watch on preoperative evaluation of capsular invasion (CI) or extracapsular extension (ECE) and cervical lymph node metastasis using preoperative ultrasonography.
The risk of regional recurrence is higher in patients with lymph node metastases, especially in those with more than 10 involved nodes and extracapsular extension [34].