Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease manifested by articular and extra-articular
Previous studies have shown that nearly one third of patients with RA demonstrate some type of extra-articular
manifestation involving skin, eye, heart and lung.
This edition includes new advances and approaches and new chapters on open interior shoulder stabilization, the Latarjet procedure, superior capsular reconstruction, augmentation of single bundle ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) tears, the individualized approach to ACL reconstruction, the anterolateral ligament, extra-articular
tenodesis of the knee, double bundle PCL (posterior cruciate ligament) reconstruction, osteotomies of the knee, labral reconstruction, subspine impingement of the hip, proximal hamstring avulsions, Achilles tendon repair, and treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talar dome.
A randomised pilot trial of "locking plate" fixation versus intramedullary nailing for extra-articular
fractures of the distal tibia.
Axial spondyloarthropathy (SpA) can manifest with articular and extra-articular
RF IgA, while less prevalent, is associated with more severe erosive disease and an increased likelihood for Sj?gren's Syndrome or other extra-articular
Heterotopic bone formation plays a major role in the extrinsic causes of stiff elbow and has been depicted to arise in several situations including traumatic (intra-articular or extra-articular
fractures, dislocations, post-surgery), neurogenic (head or spinal trauma) and congenital (fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva) conditions andsevere burns (1-5).
This article provides a brief overview of considerations in tailoring protocols of the bony pelvis and hip to optimize detection of both intra- and extra-articular
hip pathology, followed by a review of common labral, osteocartilaginous, and soft tissue variants that can be mistaken for true pathology.
Spondyloarthropathies (SpA) are a group of diseases in which rheumatoid factor and anti-nuclear antibodies are negative and presenting with spinal, articular, and extra-articular
symptoms.1 Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a major rheumatic disorder of the (SpA) group that mainly influences the axial spine and sacroiliac joints.
Thus, JHS/hEDS includes a wide range of musculoskeletal features, and over the recent years, extra-articular
symptoms, such as easy bruising or hypertrophic scarring, have gained recognition.
"Of note, factors associated with risk of serious infection, such as baseline low gamma globulin or IgG levels, chronic lung or cardiac disease, and extra-articular
involvement, did not differ between groups," the researchers said.
Chronic peripheral edema is a rare extra-articular
feature of RA.