First, as has been shown, Wolfe's game-of-Russian-roulette analogy applies both to the Twitmyer-Pavlov priority conflict and to Flourens being the "father" of the experimental brain extirpation method.
Subsequently, research-based mapping of the functions of the cerebral cortex using brain extirpation in nonhuman animals, clinical brain damage or extirpation in humans, and electrical stimulation in human and nonhuman animals identified distinct sensory and motor areas in the cerebral cortex.
With respect to learning and memory, the antilocalization view reemerged strongly with research by Shepherd Ivory Franz, who designed sophisticated experiments combining animal training with brain extirpation (e.
Extirpation sites generally support very high densities of S.
Based on the continuing trend of extirpation in the region, we consider all existing lowland populations of S.
The time series analyses of palaeoecological parameters describing species richness, per capita immigration rates and per capita extirpation
rates reveal an episodic character in the change in local conodont diversity and turnover levels.
The prevalence of pulpal extirpation in this audit compared to the expected prevalence for avulsion, lateral luxation and extrusion injuries is shown in Table 4.
Splinting and prevalence of pulp extirpation, being key aspects of the clinical management of dental traumatic injuries, were the focus the present audit.
Small numbers of teeth in subcategories of injury type meant that analysis of pulpal extirpation was confined to avulsion, lateral luxation and extrusion.
If individuals in urban colonies have reduced fitness due to lower intake of energy, adding negative effects of habitat fragmentation may increase chances of extirpation
for these populations.
Extirpations of native fish from the Albuquerque and Belen valleys occurred in two periods and primarily involved fluvial fishes.
Their extirpations were facilitated by increasing aridity and human-caused dewatering that caused earlier extirpations of big-river fishes, but the fluvial minnows withstood periodic dewatering; perhaps, by retreating to more-permanent reaches of the river, such as those in narrows and canyons (sensu Minckley, 1991).