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the act of turning; especially the manual turning of the fetus in delivery.
bipolar version turning done by acting upon both poles of the fetus by either external or combined version.
cephalic version turning of the fetus so that the head is the presenting part.
external version that done using outside manipulation.
internal version that done using the hand or fingers inserted through the dilated cervix.
pelvic version version by manipulation of the breech (buttocks) of the fetus.
podalic version conversion of a more unfavorable presentation into a footling presentation.
spontaneous version one that occurs without aid from any extraneous force.
an obstetric procedure in which a fetus is turned, usually from a breech to a vertex presentation, by external manipulation through the abdominal wall. Compare version and extraction.
external versionObstetrics An active intervention carried out over the abdominal wall in late pregnancy, consisting of gentle rotation of the fetus, with the intent of manually converting an undesirable breech position, to a deliverable cephalic position. See Cesarean section. Cf Internal version.
Improving the presentation of an unengaged fetus by placing one's hands on the mother's abdomen and pushing, turning, or rotating the fetus.
See also: version