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a pulling force created by using a fixed anchorage separate from the body.
ex·ter·nal trac·tion(eks-tĕr'năl trak'shŭn)
A pulling force created by using fixed anchorage (e.g., a headcap or bed frame) outside the oral cavity; principally used in the management of midfacial fractures.
Traction applied to any fracture, e.g., compression fractures of the face using metal or plaster headgear for anchorage.
See also: traction