external jugular vein

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ex·ter·nal jug·u·lar vein

superficial vein formed inferior to the parotid gland by the junction of the posterior auricular vein and the retromandibular vein, and passing down the side of the neck crossing to the sternocleidomastoid muscle vertically to empty into the subclavian vein.
Synonym(s): vena jugularis externa [TA]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
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external jugular vein

A vein that drains blood from the scalp and face; it arises from the merger of the posterior facial and posterior auricular veins behind the angle of the mandible. The external jugular vein runs superficially down the neck, crossing the sternocleidomastoid muscle, to drain into the subclavian vein. Tributaries of the external jugular vein include the posterior external jugular, transverse cervical, suprascapular, and anterior jugular veins.
See: illustrationand for illus.
See also: vein
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
It shows the right and left internal jugular vein (RIJV and LIJV), right and left external jugular vein (REJV and LEJV), right and left supraclavicular (RSC and LSC) branches of cephalic vein, right and left cephalic vein (RCV and LCV), right and left infraclavicular (RIC and LIC) branch of cephalic vein, right and left axillary veins (RAV and LAV), right and left brachiocephalic vein (RBC and LBC), superior vena cava (SVC), aorta (A), deltoid muscle (D), and pectoral major muscle (P).
(1) Aneurysm of the external jugular vein is rare and very few cases have been reported in the literature to date.
Platysma myocutaneous flap including the external jugular vein with special reference to neck dissection.
Only five IPEH patients have been reported to have an anterior neck mass; one was in the external jugular vein, [17] one in the vasculature beneath the platysma muscle, [18] and three in organizing hematomas of the thyroid gland.
Medially abutting the left thyroid lobe compressing left internal jugular vein & laterally abutting external jugular vein. No evidence of calcification/solid components.
Further IV access was obtained via the right external jugular vein with 20 and 22 gauge cannulae in left and right foot.
While the posterior division unites with posterior auricular vein to form external jugular vein that drains into subclavian vein.
Ultrasonography of the neck revealed a hypoechoeic lesion 5cm in length and 0.8 cm in width from the retromandibular region to mid cervical region suggestive of External Jugular Vein (EJV) Thrombosis.
External jugular vein formed by the union of posterior division of the retromandibular vein and the posterior auricular vein, begins at the angle of the mandible and descends obliquely, superficial to the sternocleidomastoid muscle to drain into the subclavian vein.

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