external carotid artery


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Related to external carotid artery: internal carotid artery, maxillary artery, vertebral artery

ex·ter·nal ca·rot·id ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, common carotid at C-4 vertebral level; branches, superior thyroid, lingual, facial, occipital, posterior auricular, ascending pharyngeal, and terminal branches, maxillary and superficial temporal at level of neck of mandible.
Synonym(s): arteria carotis externa [TA]

external carotid artery

one of a pair of arteries with eight major temporal or maxillary branches, rising from the common carotid arteries. It supplies various parts and tissues of the head and neck.

ex·ter·nal ca·rot·id ar·te·ry

(eks-tĕr'năl kă-rot'id ahr'tĕr-ē) [TA]
Origin, common carotid at C-4 vertebral level; branches, superior thyroid, lingual, facial, occipital, posterior auricular, ascending pharyngeal, and terminal branches, maxillary and superficial temporal at level of neck of mandible.
Synonym(s): arteria carotis externa.

external carotid artery

A major artery that springs from the common carotid artery in the neck and supplies blood to the front of the neck, face and scalp and the side of the head and the ear. The artery also supplies the DURA MATER.
References in periodicals archive ?
Handa et al mentioned that the first description of the lateral position of the External Carotid Artery was reported by an anatomist Hyrtl in 1841.
Matticari et al argue that ligation of external carotid artery is not required and they can be protected.
Although the origin of the branches of the maxillary artery is usu-ally constant, the masseteric artery8 and the inferior alveolar artery have been reported to originate from the external carotid artery.
After cervical and thoracic dissections, fragments of the left common carotid artery (CCA), external carotid artery (ECA) and internal carotid artery (ICA) were collected and immediately fixed in 10% buffered formalin solution during 24 hours and processed to embedded in Paraplast[R](Oxford Labware, St.
Stenosis for 50-99% in common carotid artery induced by plaques was detected in two patients; lumen stenosis for 50-99% in internal carotid artery induced by plaques was detected in 15 patients, while lumen stenosis for 50-99% in external carotid artery induced by plaques was detected in four patients.
The type F pattern provides collateral flow to the distal ICA via transcranial anastomoses from the internal maxillary branches of the External carotid artery (ECA) system, the so-called 'rete mirabele'.
In the neck are found structures which have important functions, among then, the external carotid artery which is responsible for the irrigation of buccal cavity and neighbour regions.
0 mm x 17 mm percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty balloon was inserted in a retrograde fashion via the external carotid artery and was positioned at the point of ligation.
The branches of external carotid artery supply the region of face & neck and the branches of internal carotid enter into the cranial cavity and supply the brain and the meninges.
The contributing branches of the left external carotid artery were successfully embolized with polyvinyl alcohol.