expressive aphasia


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Related to expressive aphasia: receptive aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia

aphasia

 [ah-fa´zhah]
a type of speech disorder consisting of a defect or loss of the power of expression by speech, writing, or signs, or of comprehension of spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain centers, such as after stroke syndrome on the left side.
Patient Care. Aphasia is a complex phenomenon manifested in numerous ways. The recovery period is often very long, even months or years. Because communication is such a vital part of everyday living, loss of the ability to communicate with words, whether in speaking or writing, can profoundly affect the personality and behavior of a patient. Although aphasic persons usually require extensive treatment by specially trained speech patholigists or therapists, all persons concerned with the care of the patient should practice techniques that will help minimize frustration and improve communication with such patients.
amnestic aphasia anomic aphasia.
anomic aphasia inability to name objects, qualities, or conditions. Called also amnestic or nominal aphasia.
ataxic aphasia expressive aphasia.
auditory aphasia loss of ability to comprehend spoken language. Called also word deafness.
Broca's aphasia motor aphasia.
conduction aphasia aphasia due to a lesion of the pathway between the sensory and motor speech centers.
expressive aphasia motor aphasia.
fluent aphasia that in which speech is well articulated (usually 200 or more words per minute) and grammatically correct but is lacking in content and meaning.
global aphasia total aphasia involving all the functions that go to make up speech and communication.
jargon aphasia that with utterance of meaningless phrases, either neologisms or incoherently arranged known words.
mixed aphasia combined expressive and receptive aphasia.
motor aphasia aphasia in which there is impairment of the ability to speak and write, owing to a lesion in the insula and surrounding operculum including Broca's motor speech area. The patient understands written and spoken words but has difficulty uttering the words. See also receptive aphasia. Called also logaphasia and Broca's, expressive, or nonfluent aphasia.
nominal aphasia anomic aphasia.
nonfluent aphasia motor aphasia.
receptive aphasia inability to understand written, spoken, or tactile speech symbols, due to disease of the auditory and visual word centers, as in word blindness. See also motor aphasia. Called also logamnesia and sensory or Wernicke's aphasia.
sensory aphasia receptive aphasia.
visual aphasia alexia.
Wernicke's aphasia receptive aphasia.

mo·tor a·pha·si·a

a type of aphasia in which there is a deficit in speech production or language output, often accompanied by a deficit in communicating by writing, signs, or other manifestation. The patient is aware of the impairment.

expressive aphasia

Broca’s aphasia

Loss of language ability due to damage in Broca's area (Brodmann area 44 and 45), characterised by telegraphic speech in which the meaning is usually clear but the grammatical connecting words are missing, with retained comprehension.

Aetiology
Stroke, usually due to thromboembolism; less commonly due to brain tumours, cerebral haemorrhage, extradural haematoma.

ex·pres·sive a·pha·si·a

(eks-pres'iv ă-fā'zē-ă)
A type of aphasia in which the greatest deficit is in speech production or language output; usually accompanied by a deficit in communicating by writing, signs, or other means. The patient is aware of this impairment. The lesion typically includes the posterior frontal lobe.
Synonym(s): Broca aphasia (2) , motor aphasia, nonfluent aphasia.
References in periodicals archive ?
For individuals with expressive aphasia, it is helpful to take the time to learn how the patient uses a limited vocabulary or alternate means of communication.
He could perform self-care and toileting with close supervision/contact guard but still had moderate-to-severe expressive aphasia and perseverated when performing complex tasks.
The most common CNS manifestation of epidemic typhus was confusion (n = 5); and other CNS manifestations included photophobia (n = 2), expressive aphasia (n = 2), weakness (n =1), ataxia (n =1), and stupor (n =1).
But I've definitely got a degree of expressive aphasia.
The self-portrait in Figure 2 was done by a woman with multi-infarct dementia and Alzheimer's who was able to speak only a few words due to expressive aphasia.
Expressive aphasia (also called motor aphasia, nonfluent aphasia, and Broca's aphasia) involves difficulty in conveying thoughts through speech or writing.
We report here, a case of expressive aphasia as an isolated residual neurological impairment due to cerebral malaria in a girl child.
Her speech arrest early in the admission appeared to be a Broca's or expressive aphasia because she comprehended commands but was unable to speak.
For people with expressive aphasia, it seems as if their thoughts are on the tip of their tongue, but they cannot find the words to express themselves.
This was a child who presented with expressive aphasia.
He had fever and malaise 6 days later; 13 days after vaccination, he became confused, had expressive aphasia, and was hospitalized with fever of 101.