exposure therapy


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Related to exposure therapy: Virtual reality exposure therapy

systematic desensitisation

Psychology
A type of behavioural intervention for managing phobic disorders, in which the therapist has a client focus on his or her worst fear or aversion, while encouraging him or her to relax. The repeated cycling of tension and relaxation is meant to desensitise the client to the stressful stimulus, and can also be used for anticipatory side effects (e.g., nausea associated with chemotherapy). A common format of systematic desensitisation consists of muscle relaxation coupled with visualising each of a hierarchy of anxiety-provoking stimuli, ranging from the least to most unpleasant.

exposure therapy

Systematic desensitization, see there.

exposure therapy

A form of cognitive behavioral therapy for treating symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, in which the patient identifies the emotional, cognitive, and physiological responses to a fearful event in an attempt to gain psychological control over them. The goal is to reduce the vulnerability of the patient to his or her memories of a fearful event; to help a victim cope with the anxiety, fear, guilt, or humiliation that the original exposure produced; and to prevent those feelings from being triggered in the patient by new exposures that revive painful memories.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intensive training in prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD.
Bradley, Greene, Russ, Dutra, and Westen (2005) synthesized the results of 26 studies of psychotherapy (primarily exposure therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and EMDR), which also included wait-list (minimal or no contact) and supportive (e.
Os descritores para a realizacao da busca foram virtual reality e virtual reality exposure therapy que, por sua vez, foram buscados em conexao ou restricao com os descritores driving phobia ou driving fear pelo operador booleano and.
Moreover, of those who do seek treatment, approximately 25% either refuse exposure therapy after learning what it entails or terminate the therapy (Garcia-Palacios, Botella, Hoffman, Villa, & Fabregat, 2004; Garcia-Palacios, Hoffman, Kwong, Tsai, & Botella, 2001; Marks, 1992; Titov, Dear, Johnston, & Terides, 2012).
Exposure therapy, which is also a first-line treatment for PTSD, (12-14) involves presenting the frightening stimuli to patients in a safe environment so that they can learn a new way of responding.
It includes several treatment modalities, including exposure therapy for pediatric anxiety and habit reversal training for tic disorders and trichotillomania.
Systematic exposure therapy would follow, beginning with the least frightening/intense situation, accompanied by teaching new coping skills (such as relaxation strategies).
Five people with an extreme fear of heights set off on an adventure to cure their Vertigo with Exposure Therapy.
The exposure therapy can be implemented as a stand-alone treatment, or it can be coupled with coping techniques such as applied tension (Ayala, Meuret, & Ritz, 2009).
The final section discusses other applications, including light exposure therapy for psychiatric conditions, and new directions in the field.
Washington, Dec 25 ( ANI ): A new study has revealed that adolescent girls with sexual abuse-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) experienced greater benefit from prolonged exposure therapy (a type of therapy that has been shown effectiveness for adults) than from supportive counseling.
The next step in the continuing research, McGann says, is to determine whether the hypersensitivity to threatening odors can be reversed by using exposure therapy to teach the mice that the electrical shock is no longer associated with a specific odor.