exposure therapy


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Related to exposure therapy: Virtual reality exposure therapy

systematic desensitisation

Psychology
A type of behavioural intervention for managing phobic disorders, in which the therapist has a client focus on his or her worst fear or aversion, while encouraging him or her to relax. The repeated cycling of tension and relaxation is meant to desensitise the client to the stressful stimulus, and can also be used for anticipatory side effects (e.g., nausea associated with chemotherapy). A common format of systematic desensitisation consists of muscle relaxation coupled with visualising each of a hierarchy of anxiety-provoking stimuli, ranging from the least to most unpleasant.

exposure therapy

Systematic desensitization, see there.

exposure therapy

A form of cognitive behavioral therapy for treating symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, in which the patient identifies the emotional, cognitive, and physiological responses to a fearful event in an attempt to gain psychological control over them. The goal is to reduce the vulnerability of the patient to his or her memories of a fearful event; to help a victim cope with the anxiety, fear, guilt, or humiliation that the original exposure produced; and to prevent those feelings from being triggered in the patient by new exposures that revive painful memories.
References in periodicals archive ?
(See Table 1 for brief summaries of treatments that have preliminary reports.) Addressing whether cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure therapy can be used for those who have co-occurring PTSD and AUD is a high priority, as existing implementation efforts could be leveraged to address the needs of those with comorbidity.
University of South California has also developed a virtual reality exposure therapy. According to a paper written by the researchers behind the therapy, Albert Rizzo and Arno Hartholt, titled "(http://ict.usc.edu/prototypes/pts/) Bravemind: Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy ," VR therapy offers a better alternative than imagining a scenario, since a patient can actually experience a particular scenario in a virtual world under safe and controlled conditions.
"Exposure therapy, in this case turning off technology periodically, can teach individuals to reduce anxiety and become comfortable with periods of disconnectedness."
Findings about how conscious and nonconscious brain systems work may enable us to make exposure therapy more effective.
Moreover, of those who do seek treatment, approximately 25% either refuse exposure therapy after learning what it entails or terminate the therapy (Garcia-Palacios, Botella, Hoffman, Villa, & Fabregat, 2004; Garcia-Palacios, Hoffman, Kwong, Tsai, & Botella, 2001; Marks, 1992; Titov, Dear, Johnston, & Terides, 2012).
* Exposure therapy, which is also a first-line treatment for PTSD, (12-14) involves presenting the frightening stimuli to patients in a safe environment so that they can learn a new way of responding.
Somerville, NJ, January 09, 2015 --(PR.com)-- The New Jersey Center for Tourette Syndrome and Associated Disorders will continue its Wednesday Webinar series on January 21 with a look at "Creative Applications of Exposure Therapy and Habit Reversal Therapy" presented by Hilary Dingfelder, Ph.D.
Systematic exposure therapy would follow, beginning with the least frightening/intense situation, accompanied by teaching new coping skills (such as relaxation strategies).
Additional exposure therapy, involving activities that gradually extend the comfort boundary each time, will also help.
The sufferers confront their fears head-on by undergoing exposure therapy, attempting a series of increasingly difficult height-based challenges, from the peaks of the Alps to the world's tallest building, designed to push them to their limits.
The sufferers confront their fears head-on by undergoing exposure therapy, attempting a series of increasingly difficult height-based challenges, from peaks of the Alps to the world's tallest building, designed to push them to their limits.