The Hertel exophthalmometry
measurement was 19 mm in the right eye and 17 mm in the left eye.
As expected, exophthalmometry
measurements in the GO group were increased according to the controls, and also, there was a significant difference between the groups (p = 0.002).
Clinical history was collected, and all patients underwent a complete eye examination including (i) exophthalmometry
with Hertel instrument (Figure 1), (ii) measurement of eyelid aperture, (iii) assessment of subjective diplopia using Gorman score (0: no diplopia, 1: intermittent diplopia, 2: inconstant diplopia, and 3: constant diplopia) , (iv) measurement of visual acuity, (v) assessment of corneal status, (vi) fundus examination, (vii) ocular biometry (IOL Master, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA), and (viii) OCT.
using Hertel's exophthalmometer with interlateral canthal distance of 100 mm read 15 mm in both eyes.
Complete neuroophthalmic examination included the visual acuity test, color vision test, visual field analysis (Goldman), pupillary reaction test, oculomotor nerve test, Hertel exophthalmometry
, and ophthalmoscopy of ocular fundus.
Upon examination, the right eye demonstrated proptosis (Hertel's exophthalmometry
measured the right corneal surface position at 22 mm and the left at 17 mm).
could not be precisely interpreted because of massive facial distortion.
Material has been added on exophthalmometry
and A-scan biometry.
She had bilateral lid lag and borderline proptosis (Hertel exophthalmometry
: OD, 22 mm, OS, 21 mm, IPD, 94 mm); there was no limitation of extraocular gaze or periorbital edema.
Ultrasonography demonstrated moderate, generalized enlargement of the extraocular muscles in both orbits with normal exophthalmometry
. These findings were felt to be compatible with Graves' disease.
The aim of this study was to assess proptosis measurement by MDCT and to compare it to the current standard, Hertel exophthalmometry
. A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Clinical Centre of Serbia and included 91 patients (19 male and 72 female) with verified Graves' orbitopathy.
value distribution in healthy Lithuanian children and adolescents," Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.