Were qualitatively evaluated: (1) characteristics of epidermic cells; (2) cuticle; (3) thickness of the endoderm; (4) thickness of the exodermis
; (5) hypodermis; (6) trichomes; (7) mesophyll; (8) vascular and extravascular fibers and (9) vascular bundles.
3, data clearly indicates the existence of high exodermal cell area and exodermis
thickness in H.
Four layers of parenchyma cells are usually present in the cortex (Figure 2A), but lacking the exodermis
with suberin; the endodermis is present (Figure 2A), but without evident Casparian strips.
Optimum concentration of nutrients and heavy metals delayed the entry of metals into the roots by stimulating a lignified exodermis
and thereby subsidized to a higher metal tolerance (Cheng et al., 2012).
(2013), comunicaron un incremento en el espesor y la lignificacion de la exodermis
y del numero de espacios intercelulares en corteza en Brachiaria decumbens Stapf, causado por el aumento en la salinidad.
addition by two analogous layers of such pumps in the exodermis
Hartung, "The exodermis
: a variable apoplastic barrier," Journal of Experimental Botany, vol.
Important features of similar wetland grasses are the presence of structural and apoplastic barriers, including endodermis, exodermis
, and epidermis of roots [9, 15-25], and a sclerenchyma ring (SCR) and peripheral mechanical ring (PMR) in stems and leaves.