exocarp


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Related to exocarp: pericarp, endocarp

exocarp

(ĕk′sō-kärp′)
n. Botany
The outermost layer of the fruit wall. Also called epicarp.

exocarp

the outer layer of the PERICARP of a fruit.
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References in periodicals archive ?
However, the spongy tissue that developed along the septum, which becomes conspicuous on the ripeness, offers little resistance and the unistratified exocarp towards the lateral bundle direction becomes the only tissue that hinders the rupture on this zone.
In the dorsal dehiscence (Figuras 3B and D) the exocarp and outer mesocarp undergo few modifications, but the middle mesocarp and endocarp fibers, and macrosclereids are substituted gradually by isodiametric sclereids.
These excavations documented evidence for prehistoric agriculture including at least three superimposed ditch networks, wooden implements, fence posts, ground axe-adzes, a sharpening stone and gourd exocarp fragments.
The female fly punctures the soft and tender fruits with her ovipositor and lay eggs below the exocarp of the fruit.
To determine the maturation of peanut, the "Hull Scrape" method (Williams & Drexler, 1981) was used, which consists of scraping the exocarp of the pod, exposing the mesocarp.
I see no way to escape the conclusion that the cocci of the ancestor of Galphimia traveled by long-distance dispersal from South America to Mexico, in spite of their unadorned exocarp, and there is no modern evidence that that dispersal was accomplished via a series of intermediate populations in northwestern South America or Central America.
5 cm long; exocarp finely verruculose and densely fissured (at fruit senescence, the exocarp is represented only by its venation net attached to the peduncle), elliptic elongated valves, acuminate; peduncle 0.
Fruit subglobose, obovoid to turbinate, laterally flattened, 2,5-3,5 cm x 1,7-2,6 cm wide, 3,1-6,2 cm long including a 2-4 mm long beak, with a pedicel (base of the rachilla) to 3 cm long; exocarp yellow to brown, covered with black bristles 1-3 mm long; mesocarp yellow, fleshy, fibrous, 2-5 mm thick; endocarp 2,1-4 cm long, asymmetrical, ovoid to turbinate and acute basally.
drupe: Fleshy fruit with a one-carpeled ovary and only one seed; endocarp is hard and stony, tightly enclosing the seed; the mesocarp is fleshy, and the exocarp is soft and thin.
caryopsises dehiscent DNA fingerprinting drupe endocarp exocarp [F.