exenteration


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Related to exenteration: orbital exenteration

exenteration

 [ek-sen″ter-a´shun]
1. surgical removal of the inner organs; evisceration.
2. in ophthalmology, removal of the entire contents of the orbit.
pelvic exenteration excision of the organs and adjacent structures of the pelvis.

ex·en·ter·a·tion

(eks'en-tĕr-ā'shŭn),
Removal of internal organs and tissues, usually radical removal of the contents of a body cavity.
Synonym(s): evisceration (1)
[G. ex, out, + enteron, bowel]

exenteration

Surgical oncology The excision of large blocks of tissue in a particular region–eg, pelvis, as required by extensive malignancy Types Anterior–en bloc removal of bladder, urethra, uterus and tissues lateral thereto, and upper 2/3 of the vagina; posterior–rarely indicated; total pelvic–used in Pts with stage IV cervical CA, with removal of bladder and rectum. See Commando operation, Hemipelvectomy, Heroic surgery, Hysterectomy.

ex·en·ter·a·tion

(ek-sen'tĕr-ā'shŭn)
Removal of internal organs and tissues, usually radical removal of the contents of a body cavity.
[G. ex, out, + enteron, bowel]

exenteration

Total removal of all organs and other soft tissue from a bony cavity. Exenteration is a radical and mutilating procedure, performed only in extreme cases of cancer in which the only hope of survival is to attempt to remove all affected tissue. Exenteration is performed on the pelvis and the eye socket.

exenteration

Removal of the entire contents of the orbit, including the eyeball, the extraocular muscles, the optic nerve, nerves and blood vessels, the orbital fat and connective tissues. It is performed in cases of malignant tumours. See enucleation; evisceration.

Patient discussion about exenteration

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References in periodicals archive ?
Although for patients with histopathologically confirmed Stage IVA cervical cancer, exenteration is a valid alternative to primary chemoradiation,[11] the role of PE after primary systemic chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy is not clear, possibly because of compromised healing of irradiated or necrotic tissue and use of complex reconstructive techniques.[12]
Leatherbarrow, "Orbital exenteration: a 13 year Manchester experience," British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.
Dubenec, "Spiral saphenous vein graft for major pelvic vessel reconstruction during exenteration surgery," Annals of Vascular Surgery, vol.
Various surgical techniques include en bloc removal, local resection and exenteration. The tumour is difficult to dissect and radical exenteration with removal of the frontal bone, the lateral wall of the orbit and the temporal muscle has been recommended.
Total pelvic exenteration with a split-thickness skin graft neovagina, continent orthotopic neobladder and rectal reanastomosis, resulting in no external ostomies and adequate sexual function.
Other common indications for MVTx are familial polyposis syndromes (familial adenomatous polyposis, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome), massive abdominal desmoid tumors, and locally aggressive benign tumors requiring total exenteration [12, 33].
This type of enucleation is typically referred to as extirpation or exenteration of eyeball and this technique would be associated with few post operative complications such as bleeding and infection.
"With older, more radical techniques, groin breakdown, leg edema, and impaired sexual function were common postsurgery consequences." Current practice, however, is to perform regional lymph node management for unilateral cancers, radical local excision rather than en bloc resections, separate groin incisions, lymphatic mapping, radiation, chemotherapy, and, if necessary, exenteration, Dr.
The tumor was treated surgically with an arm of tumor-free surgical margins and orbital exenteration. Although described as a rare group, these were 11% in our study.
The first such surgery in India was conducted using the da Vinci surgical robotic system at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, where A robotic pelvic anterior exenteration surgery was performed on a 50-year-old woman cancer patient.