exenteration


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Related to exenteration: orbital exenteration

exenteration

 [ek-sen″ter-a´shun]
1. surgical removal of the inner organs; evisceration.
2. in ophthalmology, removal of the entire contents of the orbit.
pelvic exenteration excision of the organs and adjacent structures of the pelvis.

ex·en·ter·a·tion

(eks'en-tĕr-ā'shŭn),
Removal of internal organs and tissues, usually radical removal of the contents of a body cavity.
Synonym(s): evisceration (1)
[G. ex, out, + enteron, bowel]

exenteration

/ex·en·ter·a·tion/ (ek-sen″ter-a´shun)
1. surgical removal of the inner organs; evisceration.
2. in ophthalmology, removal of the entire contents of the orbit.

pelvic exenteration  excision of the organs and adjacent structures of the pelvis.

exenteration

[eksen′tera′shun]
1 surgical removal of the inner organs; evisceration.
2 in ophthalmology, removal of the entire contents of the orbit.

exenteration

Surgical oncology The excision of large blocks of tissue in a particular region–eg, pelvis, as required by extensive malignancy Types Anterior–en bloc removal of bladder, urethra, uterus and tissues lateral thereto, and upper 2/3 of the vagina; posterior–rarely indicated; total pelvic–used in Pts with stage IV cervical CA, with removal of bladder and rectum. See Commando operation, Hemipelvectomy, Heroic surgery, Hysterectomy.

ex·en·ter·a·tion

(ek-sen'tĕr-ā'shŭn)
Removal of internal organs and tissues, usually radical removal of the contents of a body cavity.
[G. ex, out, + enteron, bowel]

exenteration

Total removal of all organs and other soft tissue from a bony cavity. Exenteration is a radical and mutilating procedure, performed only in extreme cases of cancer in which the only hope of survival is to attempt to remove all affected tissue. Exenteration is performed on the pelvis and the eye socket.

exenteration

Removal of the entire contents of the orbit, including the eyeball, the extraocular muscles, the optic nerve, nerves and blood vessels, the orbital fat and connective tissues. It is performed in cases of malignant tumours. See enucleation; evisceration.

exenteration

surgical removal of all of the internal organs, for example of the eye or pelvic cavity.

ocular exenteration
removal of the globe, adnexa and associated structures. See also transpalpebral enucleation.

Patient discussion about exenteration

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References in periodicals archive ?
She underwent radical cystectomy with pelvic exenteration.
Pathologic reviews of internal genitalia after anterior exenteration for bladder cancer in women have revealed that genital organs could be preserved during orthotopic diversion; and patients might be spared from adverse effects such as acute early menopause, infertility, and cessation of sexual activity using this approach.
Therefore, enucleation (or exenteration, in the case of extraocular tumor extension) is still the recommended treatment for large tumors of the ciliary body and choroid.
2,16] In spite of the treatment modalities such as enucleation, radiotherapy, photocoagulation, chemotherapy and even exenteration as in extraocular involvement, the mortality from RB in our environment is very high.
The most reliable means by which to establish the time of ischemic injury before fixation comes from eyes removed by exenteration following fungal infection of the orbit.
Exenteration of left eye was performed by transpalpebral approach (Fig.
48) Primary exenteration surgery is no longer necessary in the treatment of orbital RB due to the sensitivity of the tumor to chemotherapy.
Due to the rapidly progressive nature of the mass and lack of access by any other approach, exenteration was deemed the only remaining option.
The current exenteration of the KM suspicion comes in the range of quay walls on the feasibility and about reduced through the dismantling of civil structures.
While not curative, cisplatinum was useful as an adjunct to decrease tumour mass prior to local excision and for patients who refuse or must delay exenteration.