excimer laser


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laser

 [la´zer]
a device that transfers light of various frequencies into an extremely intense, small, and nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation in the visible or invisible spectrum, with all the waves in phase; capable of mobilizing immense heat and power when focused at close range, lasers act on tissues by photocoagulation and photodisruption and are used in surgery, in diagnosis, and in physiological studies.
argon laser a laser with ionized argon as the active medium and with a beam in the blue and green visible light spectrum; used for photocoagulation.
carbon-dioxide laser a laser with carbon dioxide gas as the active medium and that produces infrared radiation at 10,600 nm; used to excise and incise tissue and to vaporize.
excimer laser (excited dimer) a laser with rare gas halides as the active medium, used in ophthalmological procedures and angioplasty. The beam is in the ultraviolet spectrum and penetrates tissues only a small distance; it breaks chemical bonds instead of generating heat to destroy tissue.
holmium:YAG laser a laser whose active medium is a crystal of yttrium, aluminum, and garnet doped with holmium ions, and whose beam is in the near infrared spectrum at 2100 nm; used for photocoagulation and photoablation.
neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser a laser whose active medium is a crystal of yttrium, aluminum, and garnet doped with neodymium ions, and whose beam is in the near infrared spectrum at approximately 1060 nm; used for photocoagulation and photoablation.

excimer laser

laser used particularly for refractive procedures, consisting of photons in the ultraviolet spectrum emitted by unstable dimers of argon and fluoride.
[excited dimer]

excimer laser

[ek′simər]
one of a class of lasers with output in the ultraviolet range of the electromagnetic spectrum. The name is derived from the symbol formed by the combination of xenon atoms (Xe) and halogen atoms (X) to yield xenon-halide compounds as XEX.

excimer laser

Cold laser Cardiology A laser used in coronary artery angioplasty that delivers pulsating UV light to excise atherosclerotic plaques in stenosed arteries. Cf Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty Ophthamology ELs may be used to vaporize part of the surface layer of the cornea.

ex·ci·mer la·ser

(ek'si-mĕr lā'zĕr)
Laser used particularly for refractive procedures, consisting of photons in the ultraviolet spectrum emitted by unstable dimers of argon and fluoride.
[excited dimer]

excimer laser

An argon fluoride laser operating in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum and producing a beam that can remove layers of tissue only a few thousands of a millimetre thick.

Excimer laser

An instrument that is used to vaporize tissue with a cold, coherent beam of light with a single wavelength in the ultraviolet range.
References in periodicals archive ?
It approves AZT for the purpose of treating patients with HIV, or excimer lasers for the purpose of performing certain procedures to correct nearsightedness.
These surgeons also use excimer lasers to perform a procedure called LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis), which is essentially the same as PRK but performed inside the cornea instead of on the surface.
If excimer lasers were drugs, doctors would not care that these other uses were not approved.