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inspection or investigation, especially as a means of diagnosing disease.
breast examination in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as inspection and palpation of the breasts and related areas.
mental status examination a standardized procedure to gather data to determine etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment for patients with mental disorders.
pelvic examination physical assessment of the internal pelvic organs. It includes inspection with a speculum, a papanicolaou smear, bimanual palpation, and a rectovaginal examination.
physical examination examination of the bodily state of a patient by ordinary physical means, as inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.
postmortem examination autopsy.


1. Any investigation or inspection made for the purpose of diagnosis; usually qualified by the method used.
2. A method of evaluation of skills or knowledge after receiving instruction in a given field.


/ex·am·i·na·tion/ (eg-zam″ĭ-na´shun) inspection or investigation, especially as a means of diagnosing disease, qualified according to the methods used, as physical, cystoscopic, etc.
double-contrast examination  radiologic examination of the stomach or intestine by following a high concentration of contrast medium with evacuation and injection of air or an effervescent substance to inflate the organ; the remaining light coating of contrast medium delineates the mucosal surface.


An investigation or inspection made for the purpose of diagnosis.


a critical inspection and investigation, usually following a particular method, performed for diagnostic or investigational purposes.


Physical examination Medtalk The physical evaluation of a Pt and relevant organ systems, which may be problem-focused, detailed, or comprehensive. See Abdominal examination, Baseline examination, Cardiac examination, Chest examination, Constitutional evaluation, Digital rectal examination, Double setup examination, Evaluation & management services, FLEX examination, Mental examination, National Boards examination, Neck examination, Neurologic examination, Oral examination, Physical examination, Rectal examination, Review of systems, Self examination, Sexual assault nurse examination, Single-organ system examination, Specialty board examination, SPEX examination, Stool examination.


Any investigation or inspection made for the purpose of diagnosis; usually qualified by the method used.


(eg-zam?i-na'shon) [L. examinatio, equipoise, balance, examination]
Inspection of the body to determine the presence or absence of disease. Examination has been proposed as an international replacement for test, testing, and analysis although each of these words is more common in professional literature.

examination under anesthesia

Abbreviation: EUA
Any operative or invasive procedure done while the patient is sedated, in order to improve patient tolerance, alleviate pain or anxiety, or improve the quality of the exam.

bimanual examination

See: pelvic examination

dental examination

The visual, digital, and radiographic inspection of the teeth and surrounding structures, including the head and neck. The depth of the gingival sulcus is also probed and measured around each tooth to assess the state of health of the periodontium. The examination is completed with a mirror, explorer, periodontal probe, and dental radiographs.

digital rectal examination

Abbreviation: DRE
Palpation of the anus, rectum, and prostate gland with a gloved finger, used in the diagnosis of intestinal bleeding, anorectal pain, and both benign and malignant diseases of the prostate.

Patient care

The patient should be positioned for comfort, e.g., in Sims position (lying on the left side with knees and hips comfortably flexed). A chaperone and/or a drape should be provided for patient safety, comfort, and dignity. After an explanation of the procedure to the patient, several mL of surgical lubricant are placed on the examiner's glove, usually on the index finger. The examiner visually inspects the anus and perineum, then places the gloved finger on the anal opening while asking the patient to bear down gently. After the finger enters the anus, it is used to sweep circumferentially around the interior of the distal intestine. It is then directed anteriorly (when examining a male patient) to evaluate the consistency, size, and nodularity of the prostate gland. Samples of stool obtained during the exam may be sent to the lab to test them for the presence of occult blood.

double-contrast examination

A radiographic examination in which a radiopaque and a radiolucent contrast medium are used simultaneously to visualize internal anatomy.

endoscopic examination

Direct visualization of an internal organ with a fiber-optic tube, often accompanied by biopsy of suspicious lesions.

Folstein Mini Mental Status Examination

See: Folstein Mini Mental Status Exam

laboratory examination

Examination by urinalysis, blood tests, microbiological cultures, and other tests of body fluids.

Mini-Mental State Examination

Abbreviation: MMSE
A common test to quantify a person's cognitive ability. It assesses orientation, registration, attention, calculation, and language. Scoring is from 0 to 30, with 30 indicating intact cognition.

multilingual aphasia examination

Abbreviation: MAE
A battery of tests to measure language abilities in patients with speech disturbances. It consists of 11 components, including the abilities to repeat a sentence, spell, read, understand spoken directions, identify objects depicted in drawings, and articulate clearly.
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pelvic examination

Physical examination of the vagina and adjacent organs. A speculum is used first to visualize anatomical structures. During speculum examination, cultures and Pap test specimens may be obtained. After the speculum is removed, the pelvic organs and rectum are examined manually by the examiner.
See: illustration

periodic health examination

A health screening examination performed on a scheduled or routine basis. The appropriate features of this examination depend on the patient's age, gender, and sometimes health history, family history, or employment status. Adult women should have periodic examinations that include Pap smears and mammography; professional pilots and truckers are screened periodically for visual impairment and hypertension. All adults over age 45 should be screened for diabetes mellitus. Patients with a personal history of cancer may be screened periodically for evidence of disease recurrence. For many patients, the periodic examination may include blood tests (e.g., to check levels of cholesterol and other lipids), immunological tests (e.g., health care workers are periodically screened for tuberculosis), or invasive examinations (e.g., sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to look for colon cancer). Synonym: annual exam; periodic medical examination See: mammography; Papanicolaou test; table under cancer

periodic medical examination

Periodic health examination.

physical examination

Abbreviation: PEx
Examination of the body by auscultation, palpation, percussion, inspection, and olfaction.

radiological examination

Examination by various means of visualizing body spaces and organs and their functions, e.g., by computed tomography, fluoroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography, or related techniques.

rapid trauma exam

Rapid trauma assessment.

rectoabdominal examination

Physical examination of the abdomen and rectum, e.g., to determine the cause of abdominal pain, or to identify guarding, internal bleeding or organ enlargement, masses, or tenderness.


system of investigation following recognized protocol (e.g. CRANGLES) to facilitate diagnosis of the presenting problem; podiatric examination should also include systematic evaluation of the lower limb and foot (e.g. DeBiFVaN)


n 1. general medical procedure for assessing health.
2. test used to assess skill or understanding.
examination, cun kou (kōōn kō·ōō eg·zam′·in·ā·shn),
n in a pulse examination, a diagnostic method using only the cun kou (wrist pulse). This pulse is divided into six components or pulse positions, three per hand. See also examination, pulse.
Examination, Naturopathic Physicians Licensing (naˈ·ch·rō·paˑ·thik f·ziˑ·shnz līˑ·sen·sing egˈ·zam··nāˑ·shn),
n.pr a standard examination used by all licensing jurisdictions in North America for naturopathic physicians. The test evaluates physiology, anatomy, biochemistry, pathology, immunology, and microbiology and is taken after students complete their second year of naturopathic medical school. The test includes physical and clinical diagnosis, diagnostic imaging and laboratory diagnosis, pharmacology, botanical medicine, physical medicine, nutrition, minor surgery, homeopathy, lifestyle counseling, psychology, and emergency medicine and is taken after graduation from the student's fourth year of medical school. Also called
examination, osteopathic postural,
n the component of musculoskeletal examination that concentrates on the body's responses to gravity while in an erect posture.
examination, osteopathic structural,
n an osteopathic examination protocol that focuses on the neuromusculoskeletal system using palpation and tests on the range of motion of all body parts.
examination, pulse,
n diagnostic technique in which the pulse of the patient, usually at the radial artery, is palpated with the physician's fingers.


1. Any investigation or inspection made for the purpose of diagnosis; usually qualified by the method used.
2. A method of evaluation of skills after receiving instruction in a given field.


n 1. inspection; search; investigation; inquiry; scrutiny; testing.
n 2. the inspection or investigation of part or all of the body to measure and evaluate the state of health or disease. The examination may include visual inspection, percussion, palpation, auscultation, and measurement of mobility as well as various laboratory and radiographic procedures.
examination, anteroposterior extraoral radiographic,
n an examination in which the film is placed at the posterior direction with the rays passing from the anterior to the posterior direction to record images.
examination, bite-wing intraoral radiographic,
n radiography in which an intraoral radiograph records on a single film the shadow images of the outline, position, and mesiodistal extent of the crowns, necks, and coronal third of the roots of both the maxillary and mandibular teeth and alveolar crests.
examination, body section extraoral radiographic,
n (tomogram), a radiographic procedure of various internal layers of the head and body accomplished by the synchronized movement of the roentgen-ray tube and film in parallel planes but in opposite directions from each other. Also known as
tomography, laminagraphy, planigraphy, and
examination, bregmamentum extraoral radiographic
n radiography in which the film is placed beneath the chin, with the rays directed downward through the junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures (bregma) to the chin (mentum).
examination, cephalometric extraoral radiographic
n See cephalometric radiography.
examination, clinical,
n 1. the visual and tactile scrutiny of the tissues of and surrounding the oral cavity.
n 2. the formal testing of the dental professional student to determine whether his or her skills meet or exceed established standards.
examination, complete,
n a methodical, complete assessment of an individual involving basic and supplementary procedures as well as evaluation of the plan for preventive care.
examination, extradental intraoral radiographic,
n an examination in which the film is placed between the teeth and the tissue of the cheek or lip for the exploration or localization of the internal structures of these tissues.
examination, extraoral radiographic,
n an examination of the oral and paraoral structures by exposing films placed extraorally, in contrast to intraorally.
examination, gingival,
n the observation of the primary visual symptoms of periodontal disease, including color changes; changes in surface texture; deviations from normal contour and structure, tissue tone, and vitality; presence or absence of clefts; and the position of attachment.
examination, intraoral,
n an examination of all the structures contained within the oral cavity.
examination, intraoral radiographic,
n the examination of the oral and paraoral structures by exposing films placed within the oral cavity.
examination, lateral facial extraoral radiographic,
n an examination by means of a lateral head film.
examination, lateral head extraoral radiographic,
n an examination in which the film is placed parallel to the sagittal plane of the head.
examination, lateral jaw extraoral radiographic,
n an examination in which the film is placed adjacent to the mandible.
examination, limited,
n an assessment typically conducted during an emergency situation for the management of a critical medical condition.
examination, mental extraoral radiographic,
n an examination in which the film is placed beneath the chin, and the radiation is directed through the long axis of the mandibular central incisors while the oral cavity is open.
Examination, National Board Dental Hygiene,
examination, oblique occlusal intraoral radiographic,
n an exploratory examination of the maxillae or mandible using an occlusal type of film placed between the teeth. The rays are directed obliquely downward or upward (usually 60° to 75° in the vertical plane) and parallel to the sagittal plane.
examination, panoramic extraoral radiographic,
n a curved, single-film radiography in which the beam source and film rotate in a synchronized manner about the head, exposing oral structures sequentially with simultaneous exposure of corresponding areas of the film.
examination, periapical intraoral radiographic,
n the basic intraoral examination, showing all of a tooth and the surrounding periodontium.
examination, posteroanterior extraoral radiographic,
n an examination in which the film is placed anteriorly, with the rays passing from the posterior to the anterior direction.
examination, profile extraoral radiographic,
n a lateral head examination to show the profile of bone and soft tissue outline. It uses a decrease in milliampere seconds or an increase in target-film distance for recording the soft tissue image.
examination, radiographic,
n 1. the production of the number of radiographs necessary for the radiologic interpretation of the part or parts in question.
n 2. the study and interpretation of radiographs of the oral cavity and associated structures.
examination, stereoscopic extraoral radiographic,
n a radiographic examination used in conjunction with a stereoscope for localization. Exposures of two films are made, with identical placement of each film adjacent to the part in question and with a different angulation for each exposure.
examination, temporomandibular extraoral radiographic,
n an examination in which the film is placed adjacent to the area to be examined, with the rays directed through a point that is 2.5 inches (6.25 cm) above the tragus of the opposite external ear, with a vertical angulation of 15° and a horizontal angulation of 5° downward. Various other techniques and angulations are used, including laminagraphy, in examining this area.
examination, true occlusal topographic intraoral radiographic,
n the radiography of the maxillae or mandible using an occlusal type of film placed between the teeth, with the rays directed at right angles to the plane of the film or through the long axis of the teeth adjacent to the part in question.
examination, Waters extraoral radiographic,
n.pr the posteroanterior examination of the paranasal sinuses. The film is placed in contact with the nose and chin, with the rays directed at right angles to the plane of the film.


inspection or investigation, especially as a means of diagnosing disease, qualified according to the methods used, as physical, cystoscopic, etc.

breeding soundness examination
of a male usually, although it could be a practical request in a female, requiring ideally a physical clinical examination, a special physical examination of the reproductive system, a field and a laboratory examination of semen and for evidence of freedom from venereal disease, and a test of serving efficiency.
digital examination
done with a finger of a gloved hand, usually in rectal or vaginal examinations of dogs.
necropsy examination
see necropsy. Called also postmortem, autopsy.
postnatal examination
usually of cows to ensure that the uterus is clean and the ovaries cycling so that the next pregnancy can commence without delay.
presale examination
may be at any level. In horses usually a clinical physical examination, a special examination of the limbs and the gaits of the animal. Companion animals are usually examined for general health and special attention for any defect that could be heritable.

Patient discussion about examination

Q. What is ERD examination?My doctor want to find where is nerve is sprained. How this examonation will help? If the nerve is sprained by muscles or vertebrae what treat may be given by a doctor?

A. Sorry, but never heard of an examination called ERD, especially not for sprained muscle. Do you mean ERS?

Anyway, you may read more here:

Q. I had found a lump during self breast examination. I am 23 years old. I had found a lump during self breast examination. I didn’t have pain in my breast. I went to the doctor for checkup. Many tests were done and no treatment is prescribed. No medicines were given. I suddenly found that the lump had almost doubled in size a month after my check with the doctor. They had previously told me that I do not have breast cancer. If that’s the case, why is the lump growing?

A. A breast cancer can double in a month in some younger women. But its occurrence is very less. And your doctor had made it clear that you do not have a breast cancer. Some infection can also cause lumps. Lumps in breast can also be formed because of fat and blood vessels. There are chances that it may be fibro adenoma. This also grows like a tumor. No treatment is given as it can reduce in size but if it increases then it have to be removed by a surgery. So you must meet your doctor.

More discussions about examination
References in periodicals archive ?
Our advice, therefore, is for the candidates to ensure that they adhere strictly to all the rules guiding the examination.
Tteacher's organizations have welcomed this move besides demanding of Punjab government to increase compensation for examination duty.
The 2016 NSC Supplementary Examinations took place from 22 February 2017 to 31 March 2017 and saw 76,760 candidates writing 116 question papers at 6,326 examinations centres around the country.
46 ( 1973 ) which deal respectively with curricula bases examination structures for the sixteen to nineteen age Group and Examinations at 16 + ; proposals for the future ( 1975 )
He also urged regional examination officials to ensure that the registration forms of these candidates are delivered to the regional offices on 11 June 2013 and to be with the Directorate of National Examination and Assessment on 14 June 2013 together with the amended preliminary entry list for the 2013 national examinations.
However, supervision and approval of the examination by the supervising physician did affect confidence.
Facts submitted by the examination team may form the basis of the opinion, but unagreed (or non-stipulated) facts should be identified as well.
The BSA/AML Examination Manual emphasizes a banking organization's responsibility to establish and implement risk-based policies, procedures, and processes to comply with the BSA and safeguard its operations from money laundering and terrorist financing.
The issuance of Information Document Requests (IDRs) and their response times have always been an area of differences between the IRS and taxpayers/representatives, as to response times, frequency of the issuance of IDRs during the examination process, adequate responses, etc.
The Accredited in Business Valuation credential committee has announced that the ABV examination will be offered twice per year now, giving ABV credential candidates more flexibility in fulfilling this aspect of the credentialing process.
To begin with, there is no consensus as to what constitutes an intimate examination.
We found the nasopharyngeal lesion incidentally while evaluating bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy, which we had discovered during a routine follow-up examination pursuant to the patient's thyroid problem.