TABLE V NUTRITIONAL DIAGNOSIS ACCORDING TO GENDER (n = 105) Gender Male (%) Female (%) Total Malnutrition 34 (73.9%) 42 (71.2%) 76 (72,4%) Eutrophy
12 (26.1%) 13 (22%) 25 (23,8%) Overweight 0 3 (5.1%) 3 (2,9%) Obesity 0 1 (1.7%) 1 (0,9%) Total 46 (100%) 59 (100%) 105 (100%) ([chi square]) = 3.324.
Although high nutrient loads generally correlate with greater eutrophy
, nutrient loading estimates cannot be used solely and definitively as an indicator of eutrophication (Nixon, 1995; Bowen et al., 2007).
p value=0.430 Total sample Vitoria da Conquista Tremedal FNS 59.0% 60.6% 48.6% FImild 28.4% 27.8% 31.4% FImoderate 8.0% 7.5% 11.4% FIsevere 4.7% 4.1% 8.6% p value=0.171 Total sample Vitoria da Conquista Tremedal Overweight/obesity 60.1% 62.0% 46.7% Eutrophy
38.3% 36.6% 50.0% Low weight 1.6% 1.4% 3.3% * Information was not available in all cases, due to population composition process and interview losses.
Nutritional Diagnosis Obesity degree I 17% Overweight 33% Eutrophy
50% Note: Table made from pie chart.
In other studies, the state of eutrophy
was identified in the majority of the evaluated individuals.
Studies conducted in several tropical aquatic ecosystems, in the search for zooplankton indicators of eutrophy
, have generally described a dominance of cyclopoid over calanoid copepods, as eutrophication becomes established and evolves (Pinto-Coelho et al., 2005).
Peipsi s.s., which indicates the boundary between meso- and eutrophy
The model's prediction of eutrophy
agreed with field observations of the Pond.
The Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated as per the Quetelet's equation (BMI = weight/[height.sup.2]) (16) and classified as per Lipschitz (17) as underweight, with BMI < 22kg/[m.sup.2]; eutrophy
, BMI between 22kg/[m.sup.2] and 27kg/[m.sup.2]; and overweight BMI > 27kg/[m.sup.2].
With regard to pregnant women's anthropometric profile according to gestational trimesters, it was possible to observe that pregnant women who were in the first trimester were overweight (45.8%), in the second trimester, eutrophy
(50%) and for the third trimester the highest occurrence was eutrophy
(45.6%) followed by overweight (22.8%).
The lakes in the present study differed widely in their ecological and limnological conditions, ranging form oligo- to eutrophy
, from clear- to brown-water, and from nearly pristine to human-disturbed, but still the same species inhabit most of them, showing that many chydorid species can tolerate wide ranges of environmental conditions.
For the National Iron Supplementation Program, it was observed that the municipalities that have such action had a higher average percentage of prevalence of thinness in children (Excess weight p = 0.435; Thinness p = 0.000; Eutrophy
p = 0.795), as it was found in municipalities where no actions of Food and Nutrition Education are carried out (Excess weight p = 0.382; Thinness p = 0.031; Eutrophy
p = 0.657).