Figures from the Veterinary Poisons Information Service, which offers vets specialist advice about poisoned pets, reveal that the most common cause of death in more than 200,000 pets on its database, is ethylene glycol poisoning
- the deadly ingredient in anti-freeze.
Figures from The Veterinary Poisons Information Service reveal that the most common cause of death in more than 200,000 pets on its database is ethylene glycol poisoning
- the deadly ingredient in antifreeze.
Owner Jacinta Rosewarne observed that his dog was diagnosed with Ethylene Glycol poisoning
and was acting strange and therefore, rushed him to the nearby Animal Accident and Emergency hospital in Melbourne, Australia, ABC News reported.
Ethylene glycol poisoning
presenting with falsely elevated lactate level.
Cleo had suffered from ethylene glycol poisoning
and was close to renal failure, the vet deduced, and told Zammit that alcohol was the only antidote.
The stages of ethylene glycol poisoning
Stage Features 1: CNS depression stage (0 - 4 * Gastric irritation: nausea, hours) vomiting, haematemesis * Acute intoxication (without ethanol odour), euphoria, nystag mus, ophthalmoplegia, CNS depression 2: Cardiopulmonary * Profound metabolic acidosis complications (4 - 12 hours) (accumulation organic acids): cardiac failure, acuter respiratory distress syndrome, cerebral oedema * Hypocalcaemia (due to calcium oxalate precipitation): dysrythmias (prolonged QT), hyper - reflexia, muscle spasms, convulsions 3: Renal complications (>24 * Renal failure: Acute tubular hours) necrosis, oliguria (due to direct glycolic acid damage to the tubules, obstruction of the tubules by calcium oxalate crystals)
According to Karyn Bischoff, DVM, a diagnostic toxicologist at Cornell University's College of Veterinary Medicine, the most likely candidate for ethylene glycol poisoning
is an animal that is confined to an area--your garage, for example--with no source of refreshment other than a carelessly overlooked puddle of antifreeze on the floor.
Bischoff urges cat owners not to ignore the earliest signs of ethylene glycol poisoning
Antidotes for methanol and ethylene glycol poisoning
Ketone bodies In diabetic ketoacidosis, alcoholism, starvation Lactic acid In circulatory or respiratory failure, sepsis, ischemic bowel or limb, seizures, malignancy, hepatic failure, CO poisoning, or cyanide poisoning Formic acid In methanol poisoning Oxalic acid In ethylene glycol poisoning
Salicylic acid In aspirin poisoning Accumulation of organic anions In renal failure such as phosphates and sulfates Table 2.
The doctor had seen cases like this before; the symptoms smacked of ethylene glycol poisoning
This offers advantages over traditional therapy using ethanol or hemodialysis in which ethylene glycol poisoning
must be confirmed before treatment, reported Dr.