ethyl alcohol


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to ethyl alcohol: denatured alcohol, isopropyl alcohol

alcohol

 [al´kah-hol]
1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
pantothenyl alcohol dexpanthenol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.

al·co·hol

(al'kŏ-hol),
1. One of a series of organic chemical compounds in which a hydrogen (H) attached to carbon is replaced by a hydroxyl (OH); alcohols react with acids to form esters and with alkali metals to form alcoholates. For individual alcohols not listed here, see specific name.
2. made from sugar, starch, and other carbohydrates by fermentation with yeast, and synthetically from ethylene or acetylene. It has been used in beverages and as a solvent, vehicle, and preservative; medicinally, it is used externally as a rubefacient, coolant, and disinfectant, and has been used internally as an analgesic, stomachic, sedative, and antipyretic. Synonym(s): ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, rectified spirit, wine spirit
3. The azeotropic mixture of CH3CH2OH and water (92.3% by weight of ethanol at 15.56°C).
[Ar. al, the, + kohl, fine antimonial powder, the term being applied first to a fine powder, then to anything impalpable (spirit)]

ethyl alcohol

Ethanol, see there.

al·co·hol

(al'kŏ-hol)
1. One of a series of organic chemical compounds in which a hydrogen (H) attached to carbon is replaced by a hydroxyl (OH); alcohols react with acids to form esters and with alkali metals to form alcoholates.
2. Ethanol, C2H5OH, made from carbohydrates by fermentation and synthetically from ethylene or acetylene. It has been used in beverages and as a solvent, vehicle, and preservative; medicinally, it is used externally as a rubefacient, coolant, and disinfectant, and internally as an analgesic, stomachic, and sedative.
Synonym(s): ethanol, ethyl alcohol.
3. The azeotropic mixture of CH3CH2OH and water (92.3% by weight of ethanol).
[Ar. al, the, + kohl, fine antimonial powder, the term being applied first to a fine powder, then to anything impalpable (spirit)]

ethyl alcohol

See ALCOHOL.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ethyl alcohol and other basic organic chemicals market expected to reach a value of nearly $1070.13 billion by 2022, significantly growing at a CAGR of 4.6% during the forecast period.
Product Percentage of alcohol by volume Beer 5% alcohol (8) Wine 12% alcohol (8) Distilled spirits 40% alcohol (8) Purell Foaming Hand Sanitizer 62% ethyl alcohol (9) Purell Instant Hand Sanitizer 62% ethyl alcohol, 5% isopropanol by volume (9) Dimitry Francois, MD, Daisy Klingman, MD, and Nabil Kotbi, MD Dr.
Each ground material was soaked in 500 mL ethyl alcohol, chloroform and ethyl acetate separately for 24-72 h and filtered (Whatman No.
Mohsen Azarmina, who is a faculty member at Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, has conducted research on retinal angiomatosis and on treatment of blindness due to ethyl alcohol intoxication.
The wipes are made from a non-woven cloth saturated with an ethyl alcohol gel solution that is fragrance and dye-free.
Labels on wine, distilled spirits and malt beverages would carry information on calories, fat, carbohydrates, protein and fluid ounces of ethyl alcohol under a proposal from the U.S.
PURELL[R] Instant Hand Sanitizer Foam from GOJO Industries is a nonaerosol formulation containing 62% ethyl alcohol, which kills 99.99% of most common germs that may cause illness.
It contains 62% ethyl alcohol, as well as moisturizers to help keep skin healthy and leave hands feeling soft and refreshed.
Designed for use in the operating room, this waterless hand scrub incorporates APT[TM], a patented system of adjuvants and potentiators that works synergistically with ethyl alcohol to extend persistent residual antimicrobial protection for up to six hours.
They also remove soil from hands with the natural friction of non-woven cloth saturated with ethyl alcohol gel solution that is fragrance- and dye-free, while emollients aloe, glycerin, and Vitamin E minimize the effects of alcohol.