ethambutol


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ethambutol

 [ĕ-tham´bu-tol]
an antibacterial agent specifically effective against Mycobacterium tuberculosis; it is administered orally as the hydrochloride salt, in conjunction with one or more other antituberculous drugs, in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.

ethambutol

/etham·bu·tol/ (ĕ-tham´bu-tol) an antibacterial, specifically effective against Mycobacterium; used with one or more other antituberculous drugs in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, administered as the hydrochloride salt.

ethambutol

(ĕ-thăm′byə-tôl′, -tōl′, -tŏl′)
n.
An antibacterial drug, C10H24N2O2, used in a hydrochloride form with other drugs to treat pulmonary tuberculosis.

ethambutol

[etham′butol]
an antibacterial agent specifically effective against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is administered orally as the hydrochloride salt, in conjunction with one or more other antituberculous drugs, in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.

ethambutol

Myambutol AIDS A combination therapy agent used to treat TB and MAC Adverse effects ↓/distorted vision, pain and swelling of joints, burning pain, N&V, headache, mental confusion Contraindications Ethambutol should not be given to children too young to be monitored for changes in vision. See AIDS.

ethambutol

A drug used, ideally in combination with other drugs, in the treatment of TUBERCULOSIS. Ethambutol can cause damage to the optic nerves and if persisted with after vision is affected can cause blindness. Also known under the generic name of myambutol. The drug is on the WHO official list.

ethambutol

a tuberculostatic agent.
References in periodicals archive ?
emb nucleotide polymorphisms and the role of embB 306 mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistance to ethambutol.
Ethambutol dosage for the treatment of children: literature review and recommendations.
The percentage of DR TB, MDR TB, and overall first-line drug resistance for isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, and streptomycin in primary cases of TB in children increased significantly over the study period.
Performance of the MTBDRsl line probe assay for rapid detection of resistance to second-line anti-tuberculosis drugs and ethambutol in China.
2 [micro]g/ml), rifampicin (40 [micro]g/ml), ethambutol (2 [micro]g/ml) and streptomycin (4 [micro]g/ml).
Common side effects of the routinely used 4 anti-TB medications (INH, rifampicin, Ethambutol & PZA) are as follows:
max]) was frequently not achieved for rifampicin, izoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol.
For TB disease, patients currently take up to 11 tablets a day as part of a four-drug regimen (2 rifampin 300 mg, 1 INH 300 mg, 4 pyrazinamide 500 mg, and 4 ethambutol 400 mg tablets).
A nationally representative survey of about 4 000 people with tuberculosis showed that, in 2007, one-third of new cases as well as more than a half of previously treated cases had tuberculosis resistant to at least one of the first-line drugs - isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, and streptomycin.
The standard treatment regimen as recommended by the WHO includes four antibiotics (Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Pyrazinamide, Ethambutol or Streptomycin).
Sefar said on its website that it's planning to produce atenolol, vitamin C, ethambutol, ibuprophene, loratadine and other drugs.