estivoautumnal fever

estivoautumnal fever

An early-20th-century term for a clinical presentation of Plasmodium falciparum malaria that affected US troops stationed in Panama, in which the disease recurred only once or twice, over half of which occurred in the three months after discharge from hospital.
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In Osler's time, because of its seasonal incidence malaria was also known as the fever of summer/fall (estivoautumnal fever).