essential blepharospasm


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essential blepharospasm

Blepharospasm of unknown cause. It may be so severe as to be debilitating. Surgery has helped some patients. Botulinum toxin A injected into the muscles that control the spasm has been of benefit. This treatment will need to be repeated after 2 to 3 months.
See also: blepharospasm
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References in periodicals archive ?
Benign Essential Blepharospasm. Int Ophthalmol Clin 2005;112:49-75.
Spontaneous remission in patients with essential blepharospasm and Meige syndrome.
Gender differences in benign essential blepharospasm. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg.
KEY WORDS: Benign essential blepharospasm botulinum toxin facial dystonia orbicularis oculi.
In essential blepharospasm, involuntary blinking occurs with increased frequency, particularly in response to stimuli such as wind, sunlight, noise, or stress [35].
Bruce, former president of the Benign Essential Blepharospasm Research Foundation, Inc., in Beaumont, Tex.
Comparison of two botulinum-toxin preparations in the treatment of essential blepharospasm. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 1997; 235:197-9.

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