esotropia


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esotropia

 [es″o-tro´pe-ah]
strabismus in which there is manifest deviation of the visual axis of one eye toward that of the other eye, resulting in diplopia; called also cross-eye and convergent strabismus. adj., adj esotrop´ic.

es·o·tro·pi·a

(es'ō-trō'pē-ă),
The form of strabismus in which the visual axes converge; may be paralytic or concomitant, monocular or alternating, accommodative or nonaccommodative.
[G. esō, inward, + tropē, turn]

esotropia

(ĕs′ə-trō′pē-ə)
n.
A form of strabismus in which one or both of the eyes deviate inward. Also called crossed eyes, cross-eye.

es′o·trop′ic (-trŏp′ĭk, -trō′pĭk) adj.

strabismus

Nonparallel positioning or movement of the eyes—usually of the vertical axis—due to decreased binocular muscle coordination with loss of stereoscopic vision and inability to focus simultaneously on a single point.
 
Aetiology
Extraocular muscle defects, neurotoxins, blindness, mechanical defects, unilateral vision obstruction in childhood, various brain disorders or systemic diseases, amblyopia, paralytic shellfish poisoning, botulism, haemangioma near eye, Guillain-Barré syndrome, Apert syndrome, Noonan syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, trisomy 18, congenital rubella, incontinentia pigmenti, cerebral palsy, Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome, pseudohyperparathyroidism.

esotropia

Convergent strabismus Ophthalmology Strabismus characterized by a convergence of the visual axes. See Strabismus.

es·o·tro·pi·a

(es'ō-trō'pē-ă)
The form of strabismus in which the visual axes converge; may be paralytic or concomitant, monocular or alternating, accommodative or nonaccommodative.
Synonym(s): convergent strabismus.
[G. esō, inward, + tropē, turn]

esotropia

Convergent squint, or STRABISMUS. Only one eye looks directly at the object of regard, the other being turned inwards. Esotropia in children calls for urgent treatment to avoid amblyopia. Compare EXOTROPIA.

esotropia

A synonym for convergent strabismus. See accommodative strabismus; convergent strabismus.
blind spot esotropia See Swann's syndrome.
consecutive esotropia See consecutive strabismus.
infantile esotropia See infantile strabismus.
non-accommodative acquired esotropia See non-accommodative acquired strabismus.
References in periodicals archive ?
The vast majority of strabismus cases in our study were of the exotropia type similar only to few studies and contradicting the equal part of the literature where esotropia exceeds over exotropia.
The following tables and figures show the means and SDs of the wave amplitude of P100 in the 2 amblyopic groups of esotropia and anisometropia and the control group as well as the mean percentage of the difference between the 2 amblyopic groups and the normal group (mean % difference).
Esotropia will appear if fusional divergence of the patient is inadequate to compensate for increased convergence.4 Patients treated by prescription of full correction of hyperopia to control esotropia.1,5,6
Patients were grouped according to strabismus type: 63 (52.5%) had esotropia; 49 (40.8%) had exotropia; 4 (3.3%) had hypertropia; 3 (2.5%) had both hypertropia and exotropia; and 1 (0.9%) had both hypertropia and esotropia.
The brand, which was created after the founders' child was diagnosed with esotropia at the age of one, focuses on flexible, adjustable, comfortable and stylish frames.
Esotropia following posterior superior alveolar nerve block.
Of the 27 patients with strabismus, 13 had esotropia and 14 had exotropia.
Twin 2 had a history of right esotropia and was undergoing part-time occlusion therapy (right eye: +3.00, left eye: -0.50/+2.50 x 90).
She was diagnosed with TAO 2 years prior to surgery, underwent bilateral orbital decompression consisting of an endonasal osteotomy of the medial orbital wall followed by a resection of the lateral orbital wall via coronary access, and developed a consecutive esotropia. She had also undergone radioiodine treatment.
8 mm bimedial rectus recession in infantile esotropia of 8090 prism dioptres.
A few weeks later he began to experience intermittent diplopia as well as left eye esotropia, thus attending to a primary care physician who sent him to our institution.
On the second night of hospitalization during routine rounds at 8.30 PM, a convergent strabismus (esotropia) was noticed (Figure 1).