esophageal achalasia


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e·soph·a·ge·al a·cha·la·si·a

failure of normal relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter associated with uncoordinated contractions of the thoracic esophagus, resulting in functional obstruction and difficulty swallowing.

esophageal achalasia

Cardiospasm GI disease A condition characterized by a failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax, accompanied by defective contraction of the thoracic esophagus, resulting in functional obstruction and dysphagia. See GERD.

e·soph·a·ge·al a·cha·la·si·a

(ĕ-sof'ă-jē'ăl ak'ă-lā'zē-ă)
An obstruction to the passage of food that develops in the terminal esophagus; caused by an autonomic nervous system abnormality.
Synonym(s): achalasia of the cardia, cardiospasm, oesophageal achalasia.

e·soph·a·ge·al a·cha·la·si·a

(ĕ-sof'ă-jē'ăl ak'ă-lā'zē-ă)
Failure of normal relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter associated with uncoordinated contractions of thoracic esophagus, resulting in functional obstruction and difficulty swallowing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Long-term outcome of laparoscopic Heller-Dor surgery for esophageal achalasia: possible detrimental role of previous endoscopic treatment.
Robotic-assisted Heller myotomy versus laparoscopic Heller myotomy for the treatment of esophageal achalasia: multicenter study.
Long-term results of the Heller-Dor operation with intraoperative manometry for the treatment of esophageal achalasia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2010;140:962-919.
Esophageal achalasia is a rare disorder occurring in about 1 per 100000 adult Americans.
Clinical symptoms in esophageal achalasia are nonspecific; definitive diagnosis requires assessment with barium swallow exam and, in some cases, esophageal manometry.
Graded pneumatic dilation using Rigiflex achalasia dilators in patients with primary esophageal achalasia. Am J Gastroenterol.
Repeated pneumatic dilations as long-term maintenance therapy for esophageal achalasia. Am J Gastroenterol.
Fanelli, "SAGES guidelines for the surgical treatment of esophageal achalasia," Surgical Endoscopy, vol.
Ikeda et al., "Peroral endoscopic myotomy for esophageal achalasia: technique, indication, and outcomes," Thoracic Surgery Clinics, vol.