esophageal


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esophageal

 [ĕ-sof″ah-je´al]
of or pertaining to the esophagus.

e·soph·a·ge·al

(ĕ-sof'ă-jē'ăl, ē'-sŏ-faj'ē-ăl), Although this word is correctly pronounced esopha'geal, the pronunciation esophage'al is almost universally heard in the U.S.
Relating to the esophagus.

esophageal

/esoph·a·ge·al/ (ĕ-sof″ah-je´al) of or pertaining to the esophagus.

esophageal

See esophagus.

e·soph·a·ge·al

(ĕ-sof'ă-jē'ăl)
Relating to the esophagus.
Synonym(s): oesophageal.

esophagus

(e-sof'a-gus) (-gi?, -ji?) plural.esophagi [Gr. oisophagos]
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ESOPHAGUS: (as seen through an endoscope)
The muscular tube, about 10 to 12 in (25 to 30 cm) long, that carries swallowed foods and liquids from the pharynx to the stomach. In the upper third of the esophagus, the muscle is striated; in the middle third, striated and smooth; and in the lower third, entirely smooth. Peristalsis is regulated by the autonomic nervous system. At the junction with the stomach is the lower esophageal sphincter, which relaxes to permit passage of food, then contracts to prevent backup of stomach contents. esophageal (e-sof?a-je'al), adjective See: illustration

Barrett esophagus

See: Barrett esophagus

black esophagus

Necrotizing esophagitis.
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FOREIGN BODY IN ESOPHAGUS: Meat impaction in the lower esophageal sphincter

foreign bodies in the esophagus

Items trapped in the esophagus (typically fishbones, coins, or large unchewed pieces of food). Parenteral glucagon may help the material pass through the esophageal sphincter to the stomach, but endoscopic retrieval of the material is usually necessary. See: illustration

e·soph·a·ge·al

(ĕ-sof'ă-jē'ăl) Although this word is more correctly pronounced esopha'geal, the pronunciation esophage'al is almost universally heard in the U.S.
Relating to the esophagus.

esophageal

of or pertaining to the esophagus.

esophageal achalasia
esophageal anomalies
very rare; include atresia, duplication, segmental aplasia, esophagorespiratory fistulae, diverticula, epithelial inclusion cysts.
esophageal atresia
congenital lack of continuity of the esophagus, commonly accompanied by tracheoesophageal fistula, and characterized by accumulations of mucus in the nasopharynx, gagging, vomiting when fed, cyanosis and dyspnea. Treatment is by surgical repair by esophageal anastomosis and division of the fistula.
esophageal distention
may result from acute or chronic obstruction of the esophagus, or from defective innervation. See also megaesophagus.
esophageal duplication
may be tubular and communicate with the effective esophagus, or cystic appearing as a cystic mass close to the functioning esophagus.
esophageal ectasia
esophageal enlargement
clinically visible enlargement as seen in esophageal diverticulum, stenosis, paralysis, cardial obstruction.
esophageal fibrosis
a cause of acquired megaesophagus; usually caused by trauma or spontaneous ulceration.
esophageal groove
see reticular groove.
esophageal groove lesion
includes granuloma, papilloma, foreign body lodgment; cause of obstructive bloat.
esophageal hyperkeratosis
hyperkeratotic thickening of the esophageal mucosa due usually to hypovitaminosis A or chlorinated naphthalene poisoning.
esophageal inflammation
esophageal motility disorders
esophageal neoplasm
very rare except for papilloma and fibropapilloma; causes chronic esophageal obstruction.
esophageal obstruction
acute obstruction is manifested by inability to swallow, regurgitation of saliva, food and water through the nose and much discomfort expressed by retching movements and pawing at the throat. Ruminants develop ruminal tympany. Chronic obstruction shows the same syndrome but with a gradual development and a tendency to develop aspiration pneumonia.
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Palpating an esophageal obstruction in a cow. By permission from Blowey RW, Weaver AD, Diseases and Disorders of Cattle, Mosby, 1997
esophageal osteosarcoma
occurs in dogs in association with the parasite Spirocerca lupi.
esophageal papilloma
a cause of obstructive bloat.
esophageal paralysis
causes esophageal obstruction.
esophageal patching
see patch graft.
esophageal perforation
causes local cellulitis and compression-obstruction of esophagus.
esophageal pulsion diverticulum
a diverticulum that pushes outwards causing pressure on surrounding organs and tissues.
esophageal segmental aplasia
causes esophageal obstruction in neonates.
esophageal stenosis, esophageal stricture
causes esophageal obstruction; may be partial, permitting passage of liquids.
esophageal tube
see nasogastric tube.
esophageal ulcer
usually associated with pressure necrosis due to prolonged obstruction and injury by a solid foreign body or, rarely equine dysautonomia or Gasterophilus spp. infestation.
esophageal varices
distended veins at the gastric cardia causing dysphagia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Esophageal varices are one of the major complications of liver cirrhosis caused by portal hypertension.
According to Ellen Sheets MD, the company's CEO and president, the study evaluated the use of truFreeze Rapid AV in patients with esophageal cancer.
Aorto-esophageal fistula that develops after foreign body-induced esophageal perforation is usually fatal; the accompanying aortic pseudoaneurysm and esophagitis and/or mediastinitis must be managed promptly.
Conclusion: The PC/SD ratio is found to be the most reliable marker to prognosticate esophageal varices.
Progressive esophageal regeneration, initiated by the Cellspan implant, was observed over the course of this study.
Esophageal obstruction or choke is a common occurrence in cattle and is attributable to their feeding habits (Smith 2008).
Smoking and alcohol drinking are major causes of esophageal cancer, particularly in many high-income countries, according to Wild.
On the second day in hospital, repair of the esophageal atresia was performed via a right posteriolateral thoracotomy through the fourth intercostal space.
A second esophagogastroduodenoscopy confirmed an esophageal perforation.
4) Bronchogenic-type cysts are more common than esophageal duplication cysts and their incidences are around 40-60% and 5-10% of mediastinal cystic lesions, respectively.
With a diagnosis of spontaneous esophageal perforation with delayed presentation, patient was managed with nil by mouth, continuous nasogastric drainage, intravenous fluids, total parenteral nutrition, broad spectrum intravenous antibiotics (Imepenam 2g/day for 14days and proton pump inhibitor (Omeprazole 40mg/day, intravenously for 14days).
The basic treatment that we use for esophageal cancer hasn't changed much over the last 30-odd years, Phillips said.