Received 20 mL of normal saline infused intravenously over 10 minutes before induction and a bolus of Esmolol
0.5 mg/kg diluted in 10 mL of normal saline given slowly (over 30 seconds) intravenously 2 minutes before intubation.
Cardiac arrhythmias can be managed with IV lidocaine bolus or esmolol
infusion (extreme caution is necessary when administering a beta blockade without concurrent or preexisting alpha blockade).
Evaluation of three regimens of esmolol
for attenuation of cardiovascular responses to endotracheal intubation a comparison with intravenous lignocaine.
It comprised 90 adult patients who were scheduled to undergo elective neurosurgery operations and were randomly divided into three groups receiving esmolol
, remifentanil and placebo for 14 minutes.
Which drug prevent tachycardia and hypertension associated with tracheal intubation: Lidocaine, fentanyl or esmolol
. Anaesthesia Analgesia 1971,72, 482-6.
If the heart rate of a patient was higher than 65 beats/min, up to 50 mg of esmolol
was administered intravenously immediately before scanning.
The hemodynamic response to tracheal intubation: comparison of lidocaine, esmolol
In this regard many drugs like Lignocaine, Esmolol
and Opioids have been studied and found effective but with their own side effects2.3.
Titrated doses of esmolol
(100 mg in total) were given to reduce the heart rate, aiming for a target of less than 50 beats per minute.
Acetazolamide Albuterol Aspirin Calcitonin Captopril Ciprofloxacin Diltiazem Dipyridamole Enalapril Esmolol
Famotidine Fluoxetine Flunisolide Flurazepam Hydralazine Ketorolac Labetalol Levodopa Lithium carbonate Metronidazole Nicotine polacrilex Nifedipine Norfloxacin Nortriptyline Omeprazole Propafenone Selenium Sumatriptan Tetracycline Vitamin D
Blood pressure was controlled intraoperatively with esmolol
, phentolamine, and nitroprusside.