erythema toxicum neonatorum

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redness of the skin caused by congestion of the capillaries in the lower layers of the skin. It occurs with any skin injury, infection, or inflammation.
erythema chro´nicum mi´grans a ring-shaped erythema due to the bite of a tick of the genus Ixodes; it begins as an erythematous plaque several weeks after the bite and spreads peripherally with central clearing. Often there are also systemic symptoms, including chills, fever, headache, vomiting, backache, and stiff neck. See also lyme disease.
gyrate erythema (erythema gyra´tum) erythema multiforme characterized by the development of lesions that tend to migrate and spread peripherally with central clearing.
erythema ab ig´ne permanent erythema produced by prolonged exposure to excessive nonburning heat. It is seen most often on the legs of women, but under appropriate environmental circumstances, it can occur anywhere on the body in either sex.
erythema indura´tum a chronic necrotizing vasculitis, usually occurring on the calves of young women; see also bazin's disease.
erythema infectio´sum a mild, self-limiting disease of childhood characterized by a lacelike skin rash symmetrically distributed on the hands, arms, and legs, with few or no other symptoms; occasionally there is a low grade fever, and the condition often clears up without specific treatment. The incubation period is six days to two weeks. This disease is contagious and originally was believed to be a form of rubella; because the rash can resemble that of scarlet fever and German measles, it is important to differentiate this mild condition from those more serious ones. Called also fifth disease.
erythema margina´tum a type of erythema multiforme in which the reddened areas are disk-shaped, with elevated edges.
erythema margina´tum rheuma´ticum a superficial, often asymptomatic, form of gyrate erythema associated with some cases of rheumatic fever, which is characterized by the presence on the trunk and extensor surfaces of the extremities of a transient eruption of flat to slightly indurated, nonscaling, and usually multiple lesions.
erythema mi´grans geographic tongue.
erythema multifor´me a symptom complex representing a reaction of the skin and mucous membranes secondary to various known, suspected, and unknown factors, including infections, ingestants, physical agents, malignancy, and pregnancy. The conditions in the complex are characterized by the sudden onset of a reddened macular, bullous, papular, or vesicular eruption, the characteristic lesion being the iris, bull's eye, or target lesion, which consists of a central papule with two or more concentric rings. The complex includes a mild self-limited mucocutaneous form (erythema multiforme minor) and a severe, sometimes fatal, multisystem form (stevens-johnson syndrome).
erythema nodo´sum a type of panniculitis occurring usually as a hypersensitivity reaction to multiple provoking agents, including various infections, drugs, sarcoidosis, and certain enteropathies. It may also be of idiopathic origin. It most often affects young women and is characterized by the development of crops of transient, inflammatory, nonulcerating nodules that are usually tender, multiple, and bilateral, and most commonly located on the shins; the lesions involute slowly, leaving bruiselike patches without scarring. The acute disease is often associated with fever, malaise, and arthralgias. A chronic variant sometimes occurs without any serious associated systemic disease.
toxic erythema (erythema tox´icum) a generalized erythematous or erythematomacular eruption due to administration of a drug or to bacterial or other toxins or associated with various systemic diseases.
erythema tox´icum neonato´rum a benign, idiopathic, very common, generalized, transient eruption occurring in infants during the first week of life, usually consisting of small papules or pustules that become sterile, yellow-white, firm vesicles surrounded by an erythematous halo and some edema.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

er·y·the·ma tox·i·cum

an innocuous, self-limited rash of unknown cause that affects neonates; consists of papules, vesicles, and pustules on a pink base, and occurs on the trunk, face, and extremities.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

erythema toxicum neonatorum

A benign macular, papulovesicular and occasionally pustular, waxing and waning red rash on the trunk and extremities of neonates, which disappears by the second week of life, possibly induced by histamine. Erythema toxicum neonatorum affects many neonates after delivery and may be accompanied by intraoral erythema (red gum disease) and tissue eosinophilia.
Unnecessary, as spontaneous resolution is usual.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

er·y·the·ma tox·i·cum ne·o·na·to·rum

(er'i-thē'mă tok'si-kŭm nē-o-nā-tō'rŭm)
A common transient idiopathic eruption of erythema, small papules, and occasionally pustules filled with eosinophilic leukocytes overlying hair follicles of the newborn.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Majority of the lesions of erythema toxicum neonatorum, physiological jaundice and physiological scaling appeared on 2nd, 4th and 5th day respectively.
The day of appearance of hair recession, sebaceous hyperplasia, sparse hair, milia, dense hair, rash of erythema toxicum neonatorum and physiological jaundice were similar to earlier studies (Steigleder 1963, Nanda 1989, Rivers 1990).
% Pigmented birthmarks Mongolian spots 69 98.6 Congenital melanocytic naevi 7 43.8 Vascular birthmarks Naevous simplex (salmon patches) 3 37.5 Naevous flammeus (portwine patches) 5 83.3 Infections Bacterial 3 37.5 Fungal 47 58.8 Eczema Infantile seborrhoeic dermatitis (cradle cap) 17 70.8 Contact allergic dermatitis 5 20.8 Transient non-infective skin diseases Miliaria rubra 9 90.0 Erythema toxicum neonatorum 5 62.5 Physiological changes Desquamation 53 66.2 Congenital hypertrichosis lanuginose (lanugo hair) 41 55.4 Cutis marmorata 4 12.5 Milia 13 72.2 Other Bronze discoloration 16 100.0 Epidermolysis bullosa 4 33.3 Skin lesion Neonatal birth weight Low No.
CMN (Congenital melanocytic nevus), CMTC (cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita), ETN (erythema toxicum neonatorum)
Significant p value, ETN (erythema toxicum neonatorum)