erucic acid


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erucic acid

 [ĕ-roo´sik as´id]
a monounsaturated fatty acid that is a major constituent of certain oils, such as rapeseed oil. Because it has been linked to cardiac muscle damage, oils such as canola oil were developed that are low in erucic acid.

e·ru·cic ac·id

(ĕ-rū'sik as'id),
A 22-carbon unsaturated fatty acid present in the seeds of nasturtium (Indian cress) and of several Cruciferae species (rape, mustard, and wallflower); thought to be toxic to cardiac muscle.

erucic acid

(ĭ-ro͞o′sĭk)
n.
A monounsaturated fatty acid, C22H42O2, making up 40 to 50 percent of the total fatty acid in rapeseed, wallflower seed, and mustard seed, used in manufacturing cosmetics and photographic emulsions and films and as a lubricant.
References in periodicals archive ?
napus) with seed oil practically free from erucic acid. Can.
infused rats, 0.078% of the infused dose was taken up by the brain and about 60% of this erucic acid was targeted for esterification into phospholipid pools.
From both the physical properties of factices and their performance in rubber mixes, it can be concluded that meadowfoam oil factice has properties equivalent to or better than high erucic acid rapeseed oil, used commercially for the highest quality factice.
RSM contain anti-nutrition factors such as Gls and erucic acid. Gls appeared to have negative effects on feed intake due to its high content of progoitrin, which are associated with bitterness [2].
[24] Food Standards Australia New Zealand, "Erucic acid in food: a toxicological review and risk assessment," Technical Report Series no.
But in the 1970s, new strains with lower levels of erucic acid, were developed, along with ways of removing the nasty taste.
Keywords: Brassica juncea; Oil Quality; Erucic acid; Oleic acid; Glucosinolate; Path analysis
The oils obtained from olives of the species Olea ferruginea showed a chemical composition similar to that typical of the oils obtained from Olea europaea except for negligible amounts of erucic acid and brassicasterol and a small presence of linoleic acid slightly more than 1 per cent.
Erucic acid, a rare plant fatty acid found in the Dioscorea dumetorum varieties, is also a component of rapeseed oil, known to have some health implications.
Gushan produces biodiesel, a renewable, clean-burning and biodegradable fuel, primarily from vegetable oil offal and used cooking oil, and by-products from biodiesel production, including glycerine, plant asphalt, erucic acid and erucic amide.
Following independent tests, the product was found to have more than the legal limit of erucic acid.
There was also an issue about another component, erucic acid, which caused fatty deposits in several organs in some animal studies, when incorporated into the diet in grotesque amounts.