The driving motive behind Javanese erotology, however, is different; it is motivated by the wish for a successful marriage with the right match (jodho) and then children.
(30) The primary concern in JavanoMuslim erotology is not the pursuit of pleasure, which is taken for granted, but procreation.
The Serat candraning wanita could be dubbed a 'swansong' in that later works of Javanese erotology are not only much shorter, they are also increasingly influenced by Western ideas.
(38) His Falsafah sex, he tells us, is intended as an apologetic for traditionalist Javanese erotology against modern Western sexology, defending the autochtonous emphasis on the spiritual dimension of sexuality agai nst foreign books by doctors and sexologists which concentrate only on its physical, technical aspects.
It abounds with specialised English and Latin terminology, taking no account whatsoever of traditional indigenous erotology. (41) Articles on sexual questions in the popular media, too, tend to be popularisations of Western sexual science.
Traditional Javanese erotology seems to be all but forgotten.
(62) In Indian erotology, too, the woman-on-top position is considered unnatural, because it would turn the woman into the active partner, playing the role of the man.
A more promising source with which to see what is behind recommended moral norms is a branch of moralistic-didactic literature that specifically deals with erotology. While in the Arabo-Muslim world this kind of literature was primarily categorised as belonging to the field of medicine, (80) in Java it incorporated elaborate philosophical-mystical speculations that associated sex with procreation and hence with the mystery of divine Creation in general.
808-9 as 'the art of winning women; how to be successful in love' -- is rendered here as 'erotology'.