ergotism


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ergotism

 [er´go-tizm]
chronic poisoning produced by ingestion of ergot, marked by cerebrospinal symptoms, spasm, cramps, a kind of dry gangrene of the extremities, and burning pain related to intense peripheral vasoconstriction.

er·got·ism

(er'got-izm),
Poisoning by a toxic substance contained in the sclerotia of the fungus, Claviceps purpurea, growing on rye grass; characterized by necrosis of the extremities (gangrene) due to contraction of the peripheral vascular bed.
See also: ergot poisoning.
Synonym(s): Saint Anthony fire (1)

ergotism

/er·got·ism/ (er´go-tizm) chronic poisoning produced by ingestion of ergot, marked by cerebrospinal symptoms, spasms, cramps, or by a kind of dry gangrene.

ergotism

(ûr′gə-tĭz′əm)
n.
Poisoning caused by consuming ergot-infected grain or grain products, or from excessive use of drugs containing ergot.

ergotism

[ur′gətiz′əm]
Etymology: L, argota, a grain fungus
1 an acute or chronic disease caused by excessive dosages of medications containing ergot. Symptoms may include cerebrospinal manifestations such as spasms, cramps, and dry gangrene.
2 a chronic disease caused by ingestion of cereal products made with rye flour contaminated by ergot fungus.

ergotism

A condition caused by an excess of ergot compounds, derived from Claviceps purpura, resulting in intense vasoconstriction and gangrene of extremities

er·got·ism

(ĕr'got-izm)
Poisoning by a toxic substance contained in the sclerotia of the fungus Claviceps purpurea, growing on cereal rye; characterized by necrosis of the extremities (gangrene) due to contraction of the peripheral vascular bed.
Synonym(s): ergot poisoning, Saint Anthony fire (1) .

ergotism

Poisoning by the ERGOT fungus. This can cause abortion, burning pain in the limbs and closure of major arteries by sustained spasm so that the blood flow is obstructed and GANGRENE may follow.

St. Anthony the Abbot,

patron saint of domestic animals, gravediggers, and hermits.
St. Anthony fire - any of several inflammations or gangrenous skin conditions. Synonym(s): ergotism; Milian sign

ergotism

see rye ergot1.
References in periodicals archive ?
And Hugh asserts that this was the beginning of a tremendous spate, lasting fifteen days, of one hundred and three cures of ergotism and the restoration to health of three disfigured girls.
As we have seen, Hugh Farsit explicitly linked the outbreak of ergotism with the failure of the people of Soissons to support a renovation, thus making the strongest possible case for the urgency of financial support from the people of the region.
48) And yet, although Bishop Josselin was afforded a prominent place in another contemporary account of the outbreak of ergotism in Soissons, (49) Hugh Farsit never describes any episcopal activity.
60) Most relevant to the events of the ergotism crisis in Soissons is the tradition that, in 826, Roduin of St.
Rather than let the reader second-guess the relationship between the ergotism miracles attributed to the Virgin and those attributed to Gregory, the author has taken on the problem by incorporating--and radically diminishing--the role of the Virgin as venerated at Notre-Dame into his story about St.
Anthony's fire, bread madness, gangrenous ergotism, dry gangrene.
37-39) Studies on intra-arterial(for ergotism patients (40-43) and intracarotid (for measurements of cerebral blood flow)were conducted on dogs, (44) cats (45) and then on normal human beings who were subjected to DSA for other reasons.
This study corroborates earlier impressions regarding the safe limits of doses of SNP in intrathecal, (32,33) intraventricular, (34) intra-arterial for ergotism (38-41) and intracarotid (44,45) administration.
Intraarterial sodium nitroprusside infusion in the treatment of severe ergotism.