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As discussed, administering two uterotonics, oxytocin plus misoprostol or oxytocin plus ergonovine, has been reported to be more effective than oxytocin alone for reducing postpartum bleeding [greater than or equal to] 500 mL.
Oxytocin plus ergonovine is associated with a higher rate of vomiting than oxytocin monotherapy.
In the present case, TCM was triggered by physical stress induced by CAG and ergonovine provocation test.
In conclusion, this is, to the best of our knowledge, the first report of TCM induced by CAG with ergonovine test and complicated with cardiac tamponade.
99%), ergonovine maleate (Sigma, E-6500, lot 54H1077), propranolol hydrochloride (Sigma, P-8688, lot 88H4092) and oxytocin (N.V.
Contractions were induced by adding PG[F.sub.2][alpha] (1 [micro]g/ml) or Ach ([10.sup.-5] M) or oxytocin (0.01 U/ml) or ergonovine (7.5 x [10.sup.-4] M) or propranonol (1 [micro]M), A series concentration of DQSYS was added to the bathing solution and allowed to react for 15 min before a more-concentrated agent was added.
Coramine, 5-hydroxytryptamine, [alpha]-ergocryptine, ergonovine maleate, ergotamine tartarate, hordenine hemisulfate, L-tryptophan, lysergol, and N-demethyl-LSD (nor-LSD) were purchased from Sigma.
Minor crossreactions were also observed with iso-LSD (0.05%), ergonovine (0.016%), and methylergonovine (0.008%).
Methylergonovine and ergonovine maleate are inexpensive and highly efficacious.
Ergonovine-glutarate (EG) was manufactured by reacting 100 mg free base ergonovine and 100 mg glutaric anhydride in 3 mL pyridine under [N.sub.2] for 72 h (refer to Hill et al., 1994, for reaction conditions and purification procedures).
Lysergol, lysergic acid, ergonovine, ergonovine maleate, ergovaline, ergotamine tartrate, ergocryptine, and 2-bromo-ergocryptine were tested for cross reaction in a competitive ELISA assay.
The pain in these cases is generally described as dull and deep-seated, aggravated by swallowing, stooping, or straining, and accompanied by a mild earache.(2)(9) The pain in this variant of carotidynia usually responds to drugs commonly prescribed for migraine, such as ergonovine, tricyclic antidepressants, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, or methysergide.