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Related to equine encephalitis: Western equine encephalitis
an acute, often fatal, virus disease of horses and mules transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by central nervous system disturbances; in the U.S., this disease is typically caused by one of three alphaviruses, and their resulting diseases are designated western equine, eastern equine, and Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis; these viruses belong to the family Togaviridae and can also cause neurologic disease in humans.
Synonym(s): equine encephalitis
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
equine encephalitisOne of a range of diseases of horses and humans, featuring inflammation of the brain, and caused by various strains of ARBOVIRUSES, occurring in the Americas as several types, especially Eastern, Western, Californian and Venezuelan. Epidemics of encephalitis are often preceded by death of horses. Most cases are acquired by mosquito bites. There is no specific treatment and cases often end fatally or with severe permanent brain damage.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005