equilibrium constant


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e·qui·lib·ri·um con·stant (Keq),

in the reaction A + B ⇄ C + D at equilibrium (that is, no net change in concentrations of A, B, C, or D), the concentrations of the four components are related by the equation Keq = [C][D]/[A][B]; Keq is the equilibrium constant If any component in the reaction has a multiplier (for example, H2 ⇄ 2H), that multiplier appears as an exponent in the calculation of K (for example, Keq = [H]2/[H2]). When this equation is applied to the ionization of a substance in solution, Keq is called the dissociation constant (Kd) and its negative logarithm (base 10) is the pKd.
See also: Henderson-Hasselbalch equation, mass:action ratio.
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da]), and consequently, the equilibrium constant of the process ([K.
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