epistaxis


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Related to epistaxis: hemoptysis

epistaxis

 [ep″ĭ-stak´sis]
hemorrhage from the nose, usually due to rupture of small vessels overlying the anterior part of the cartilaginous nasal septum. Minor bleeding may be caused by a blow on the nose, irritation from foreign bodies, or vigorous nose-blowing during a cold; sometimes it occurs in connection with menstruation. If bleeding persists in spite of first aid measures, medical attention is advisable. Called also nosebleed.

Sometimes nosebleed has serious underlying causes. Arteriosclerosis is a possible cause in the elderly. Polyps, other fleshy growths in the nose, food allergy, hypertension, vitamin deficiencies, or a disease producing a bleeding tendency may produce nosebleed. If the nose bleeds often or profusely, or if the bleeding is difficult to stop, a health care provider should be consulted.

Bleeding from the nose that does not originate in the nose itself is a serious indication that some damage has been done internally, either by injury or disease. Medical attention is necessary to trace the bleeding to its source. The blood probably originates in the stomach, the lungs, within the skull, or in passages related to these parts.

First Aid Measures: The victim should sit up with the head tilted forward to avoid aspiration of blood. The soft portion of the nose is grasped firmly between the thumb and forefinger, for 5 to 15 minutes. Once bleeding stops the patient should rest for an hour or so and for several hours should avoid stooping, lifting, or vigorously blowing the nose. If bleeding continues, a health care provider may have to pack the nose. Sometimes cauterization of the bleeding vessel is necessary. In some cases surgery to clip the vessels may be done. Blood loss from a nosebleed can be considerable and there is danger of hemorrhagic shock.

ep·i·stax·is

(ep'i-stak'sis),
Bleeding from the nose.
[G. fr. epistazō, to bleed at the nose, fr. epi, on, + stazō, to fall in drops]

epistaxis

(ĕp′ĭ-stăk′sĭs)
n. pl. epi·staxes (-stăk′sēz′)
A nosebleed.

epistaxis

Medtalk → Vox populi Nosebleed

ep·i·stax·is

(ep'i-stak'sis)
Profuse bleeding from the nose.
Synonym(s): nosebleed.
[G. fr. epistazō, to bleed at the nose, fr. epi, on, + stazō, to fall in drops]

epistaxis

Nose bleed.

Epistaxis

The medical term for a nosebleed.
Mentioned in: Nasal Trauma, Nosebleed

ep·i·stax·is

(ep'i-stak'sis)
Bleeding from the nose.
[G. fr. epistazō, to bleed at the nose, fr. epi, on, + stazō, to fall in drops]

Patient discussion about epistaxis

Q. Why do litlle kids' nose's begin to bleed?

A. A nose starts to bleed when one of the small veins in its lining bursts. This is usually caused by something completely harmless, such as the child picking their nose, blowing it too hard or having their nose knocked while playing. Another reason could be that the child has pushed something inside their nose. Some children have veins that are closer to the mucous membrane of their nose than other children. Because the veins are very close to the skin, they are more likely to burst when the child picks, blows or rubs their nose, or plays rough games.

Q. Hi this is Wilson; I have a daughter, who is 5. She has frequent nose bleeds when she is behaving badly. Hi this is Bell; I have a daughter, who is 5. She has frequent nose bleeds when she is behaving badly. She has been screened by her school for ADHD and I haven’t had a chance to consult a doctor for her screening and exam for ADHD. I thought that her nose bleeds cause due to her behavior? I need help.

A. I don’t have an idea about this. But I think that you should first discuss these issues with your doctor. Also mention to the doctor if she has any problems with sleeping, like only sleeping 6 hours a night. Try with occupational Therapists which help children and adults with small motor issues like handwriting and also with sensory issues like learning how to calm down. Early intervention is always best.

Q. My son often has severe nose bleeds. What if any illness' holds this symptom? They wake him in the night. My son has these terrible nose bleeds and I am sooo worried. I have no health insurance and would appreciate some info if anyone has any. Since he was about 4, now 12, he usually has them in the middle of the night. He does have allergies and takes over the counter allergy meds for seasonal allergies. He also has a heat lamp in his bedroom for his dragon. However; I never thought the lamp could cause this because they started 5 years before he had his dragon that uses the heat lamp. I am very worried it could be serious. Any info would be appreciated.

A. does it happen when the allergy attack occur? because it can cause nose bleeding. does he have a bleeding problem? when he get's a cut, how long it takes until the bleeding stops?
deviated septum in the nose can also cause...
but my nephew has seasonal allergies, and he bleed from his nose sometimes. so i guess it's common.

More discussions about epistaxis
References in periodicals archive ?
Endoscopic examination in cases of posterior epistaxis enables the source of bleeding to be localised and controlled in a high proportion of cases.
In this small but well-designed study, 105 children aged i to 14 years referred to otolaryngologists for recurrent epistaxis were identified.
Conclusion: Chemical cauterization with silver nitrate along with fucidic acid ointment application was found to be more effective as compared to xylometazoline nasal spray and fucidic Acid ointment application in treating idiopathic pediatric epistaxis.
In case of posterior epistaxis, the bleeding points cannot be visualized on anterior rhinoscopy because these are located in the deep crevices of the lateral nasal wall or in the posterior part of the nasal cavity.
Self-limiting epistaxis occurred in 22 examinations (7.3%) without requiring any type of packing or cauterization therapy.
The most common ENT disorder encountered was rhinosinusitis followed by ear wax, pharyngitis, allergic rhinitis, epistaxis, chronic suppurative otitis media, tonsillitis etc as shown in table-I.
Idiopathic causes account for 10 per cent of epistaxis cases.
Progressive ethmoid hematomas causing epistaxis are very common.
This is notable, given the severe nature of epistaxis in this group that had already failed to respond to various medical and interventional therapies before starting bevacizumab.
The number of attempts at intubation and severity of epistaxis were recorded.
The anterior septum is the most frequently affected site, with epistaxis and nasal obstruction being predominating symptoms [1-5].
DF lasts about five to seven days, no mortality, to be treated at home with antipyretics, while DHF has 10 percent mortality, with bleeding tendencies in the nose (epistaxis), gastrointestinal tract, gums and profuse menstruation (menorrhagia) leading to shock and sometimes death.