episcleral

episcleral

 [ep″ĭ-skle´ral]
1. overlying the sclera.
2. pertaining to the episclera.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ep·i·scle·ral

(ep'i-sklēr'ăl),
1. On the sclera.
2. Relating to the episclera.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ep·i·scle·ral

(epi-sklerăl)
1. On the sclera.
2. Relating to the episclera.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Especificamente, a PIO e determinada pela producao, circulacao e drenagem do humor aquoso, pelo fluxo trabecular e uveoscleral e ainda pela pressao venosa episcleral (Rufer e colaboradores, 2013).
In numerous studies, the increase in episcleral venous pressure (EVP) that occurs when lying down was proposed as an explanation of this change in IOP.
The canal communicates directly with the episcleral vein.
On complete ocular examination, mild conjunctival hyperemia and episcleral injection were noted, with moderate aqueous flare, corneal edema and iridal hyperemia (rubeosis iridis) consistent with anterior uveitis, and 5 small air bubbles (Fig IB).
[1] Possible explanations for these changes include alteration in episcleral venous pressure/ aqueous outflow, diminishing scleral rigidity, and systemic acidosis encountered during pregnancy.
On performing an examination, he had proptosis, periorbital puffiness, dilated episcleral vessels, sluggish pupillary reflex, external ophthalmoplegia, and diminished vision.
In addition to anti-inflammatory effect, cross-linked sodium hyaluronate gel may inhibit the postoperative fibrosis and scar formation by its space-occupying property through mechanically separating the subconjunctival and episcleral tissues.
The mechanism of IOP reduction in the NPDS is complex and involves subconjunctival bleb, intrascleral bleb, suprachoroidal outflow, and episcleral vein outflow of aqueous from Schlemm's canal [14, 15].
Ologen is a three-dimensional porous collagen-glycosaminoglycan copolymer, taken from the matrix of porcine collagen, helps the reorganization of subconjunctival scar formation by separating the subconjunctival and episcleral tissues and inducing fibroblasts and myofibroblasts to grow in the structure after surgical excision of pterygium.
Preclinical and clinical studies have also demonstrated that Rhopressa lowers episcleral venous pressure, which contributes approximately half of IOP in healthy subjects.
The four corners of the graft were anchored with episcleral bites to maintain position.
Elevated IOP provoked by episcleral vein cauterization also increased this survival pathway [93].