epiphyseal plate


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plate

 [plāt]
1. a flat stratum or layer.
2. dental plate; sometimes, by extension, incorrectly used to designate a complete denture.
3. a flat vessel, usually a petri dish, containing sterile solid medium for the culture of microorganisms.
4. to prepare a culture medium in a petri dish, or to inoculate such a medium with a bacterial culture.
axial plate primitive streak.
bite plate biteplate.
cortical plate a layer of compact bone overlying the spongiosa of the alveolar process on the vestibular and oral aspects of the mandible and maxilla.
deck plate roof plate.
dental plate a plate of acrylic resin, metal, or other material that is fitted to the shape of the mouth, and serves for the support of artificial teeth.
dorsal plate roof plate.
end plate see end plate.
epiphyseal plate the thin plate of cartilage between the epiphysis and the shaft of a long bone; it is the site of growth in length and is obliterated by epiphyseal closure.
equatorial plate the collection of chromosomes at the equator of the spindle in mitosis.
floor plate the unpaired ventral longitudinal zone of the neural tube; called also ventral plate.
foot plate footplate.
force plate force platform.
medullary plate neural plate.
muscle plate myotome (def. 2).
neural plate a thickened band of ectoderm in the midbody region of the developing embryo, which develops into the neural tube; called also medullary plate.
roof plate the unpaired dorsal longitudinal zone of the neural tube; called also dorsal plate and deck plate.
tarsal plate tarsus (def. 2).
ventral plate floor plate.
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EPIPHYSEAL PLATE

epiphyseal plate

The thin layer of cartilage between the epiphysis and the shaft of a bone. Growth in length of the bone occurs at this layer.
Synonym: growth plate See: illustration
See also: plate
References in periodicals archive ?
In the current study, effects of iron supplementation on rats during pregnancy were observed especially on the longitudinal growth of epiphyseal plate of femur.
Following approximately two months of conservative care, the diagnosis was revised to include the possibility of a more significant bone or epiphyseal plate injury (Little Leaguer's Shoulder).
A UBC tends to have a conical shape, with a wider or "ice cream cone" base paralleling the epiphyseal plate. In major tubular bones, the transverse diameter of the cyst usually does not exceed the width of the growth plate.
Chondrocytes replicate at high rate in the proliferation zone of the epiphyseal plate become differentiated in the zone of maturation or hypertrophic zone where they attract growth of the blood vessels and bone forming osteoblasts which ossify the hypertrophic zone cartilage into bone (Nilsson et al., 2005).
Growth of the long bones occurs primarily in the cartilage of the epiphyseal plate. These growth centers are vulnerable to traumatic injury because their strength is estimated to be two to five times less than the surrounding fibrous joint capsules and ligaments.
Among them, Goldberg and Watson [9] reported that, following nonvascularized toe to finger transfer that included the epiphyseal plate for congenital finger deficit that 91%, 67%, and 50% of epiphyses were open among patients of 0.5-1.5, 1.5-5, and at least 5 years of age, respectively, at the time of operation, which was based on a mean follow-up of 3.4 years.
Some researchers suggest that cartilage cells of epiphyseal plate are arranged in form of vertical columns and their abnormal secondary ossification can lead to osseous growth at vertebra.
The exact site of origin of GCTB remains controversial, but it is thought that the lesion arises from the metaphyseal side of the epiphyseal plate [1, 4].
Objective: To determine the effect of nicotine and camellia sinensis (green tea) on the developing epiphyseal plate of thigh bone of chick.
If this center causes the increase in the size of bone that is a growth plate (Epiphyseal plate) and maybe it is a traction epiphysis.
Hypovitaminosis-D in these pups seems primary cause of bent leg (Jhonson et al., 1988; Malik et al., 1997; Kushwaha et al., 2009) as mineralization of cartilaginous matrix fails in Vitamin [D.sub.3] deficient young ones (Capen, 1985) and epiphyseal plate is thickened owing to an accumulation or excess of non mineralized osteoid tissue in area of bone formation.