, epiphrenal (ep'i-fren'ik, -frē'năl),
On or above the diaphragm.
[epi- + G. phrēn, diaphragm]
References in periodicals archive ?
The persistently increased tone in the distal oesophagus usually produces epiphrenic diverticula.
Epiphrenic and mid-oesophageal diverticula have been reported with numerous manometric abnormalities, namely DOS, nutcracker oesophagus, achalasia and cardiospasm.
Epiphrenic diverticula are usually single, but it is not infrequent to find two or more synchronous diverticula.
Abnormalities included altered peristalsis (20 patients), luminal narrowing (3), reflux alone (2), and a grapefruit-sized epiphrenic diverticulum (1).