Quirk's insight that a great deal of maladaptive behavior might be epileptoid
was reinforced by Jonas in ICTAL AND SUBICTAL NEUROSES, and by Alvarez in NERVES IN COLLISION.
Effects of diazepam on fentanyl-induced epileptoid
EEG activity and increase of multineuronal firing in limbic and mesencephalic brain structures.
Other biological predictors for an elevated risk of alcohol-related violence suggested in the literature include prior brain damage, epileptoid
temporal lobe dysfunction, and past episodes of pathological intoxication.
He attributed it equally to great men as well as "shamans, ...berserks, and magicians...who [are] subject to epileptoid
seizures as a means of falling into trances." Contrasting charismatic authority with the other two types of authority, he explained:
(13) Most importantly, Charcot rigorously laid out the four consecutive stages of the hysterical attack, which was either preceded or accompanied by a hysterical "aura" (headaches, dizziness, etc.): First, epileptoid
twitches; second, the grands mouvements of the body including the signature position of the hysterical attack, the body arched from head to foot (the arc de cercle); third, the attitudes passionelles, indicating words and movements accompanying hallucinations; and finally, the delire terminal, or cool-down stage.