epilepsia


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ep·i·lep·sy

(ep'i-lep'sē),
A chronic disorder characterized by paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to excessive neuronal discharge, and usually associated with some alteration of consciousness. The clinical manifestations of the attack may vary from complex abnormalities of behavior including generalized or focal convulsions to momentary spells of impaired consciousness. These clinical states have been subjected to a variety of classifications, none has been universally accepted to date and, accordingly, the terminologies used to describe the different types of attacks remain purely descriptive and nonstandardized; they are variously based on: the clinical manifestations of the seizure (motor, sensory, reflex, psychic or vegetative); the pathologic substrate (hereditary, inflammatory, degenerative, neoplastic, traumatic, or cryptogenic); the location of the epileptogenic lesion (rolandic, temporal, diencephalic regions); and the time of day at which the attacks occur (nocturnal, diurnal, menstrual).
[G. epilēpsia, seizure]

Patient discussion about epilepsia

Q. what are the chances for a one time epileptic seizure? I had an epileptic seizure a few years ago and after all the tests it appeared to be a one time seizure. I know having one indicates my tendency for this kind of seizures so should I be afraid now to do things that might bring it up again- like alcohol, drugs, being exposed to flashing lights or having lack of sleep? what are the chances of it to come back after 5 years? any help will be very appreciated....thanks!

A. After 5 years with no recurrence of seizures after a one time episode, tha chances of having another one are low, almost exact to the general population. I would not advise you to start heavily drinking alcohol and doing drugs, because these things can certainly have an effect, however you need not be afraid.

Q. if some one gets a one time epileptic seizure- he have to take medication all his life? how do they decide if it's a one timer or it's going to continue from this day forth?

A. I had a one time epileptic seizure 5 years ago (due to lack of sleep- probably) and didn't have to take any medication though I did have some tests made like EEG and CT every half a year for some time. Like everything else in life- you can't decide it's not a one time till you get the second- which I hope you wont of course...
:)

Q. will my son get over his epilepsy he has had seizers since he was 6 months old he is know 3 and a half

More discussions about epilepsia
References in periodicals archive ?
Chong es director de atencion de la epilepsia en el Hospital Lenox Hill, en la ciudad de Nueva York.
El sindrome de Parry-Romberg, es una entidad poco frecuente que se caracteriza por una lenta, progresiva y generalmente autolimitada hemiatrofia que no solo involucra alteraciones de tejidos blandos y oseos, se puede acompanar de manifestaciones y complicaciones neurologicas, como la patologia vascular cerebral y la epilepsia refractaria.
Gotman, "Interictal high-frequency oscillations (80-500 Hz) are an indicator of seizure onset areas independent of spikes in the human epileptic brain," Epilepsia, vol.
Saygi, "Epilepsia partialis continua as the presenting symptom in probable sporadic CreutzfeldtJakob disease," Epileptic Disorders : International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape, vol.
Este trabalho ratifica a diretriz tecnica da Associacao Nacional de Medicina do Trabalho (ANAMT) publicada em setembro de 2015, a qual nao recomenda o EEG para o rastreamento de epilepsia na pratica da Medicina do Trabalho (11).
Un estudio poblacional en Suecia (26) describe como un estado fisico cardiovascular bajo o moderado a los 18 anos de edad esta relacionado con una mayor probabilidad de aparicion de epilepsia en las siguientes decadas frente a un buen estado fisico; los riesgos descritos fueron de 1,79 (IC95%:1,57-2,03) y 1,36 (IC95%: 1,27-1,45), respectivamente.
The Epilepsia papers include two articles that outline changes in the new classification, and a guidance article on how to use the classification in clinical practice.
Concepcion y evolucion historica de la epilepsia en el Peru precolombino y del Virreinato.
Es Senior Member de la Neurobiology Commission of the International League Against Epilepsy (2013-2017), la mayor entidad mundial de soporte academico, cientifico y social en investigaciones en Epilepsia. Miembro del Editorial Board de la Revista Internacional Epilepsy & Behavior, donde actuo como Guest-Editor del Suplemento "International Symposium NEWroscience 2008.
Sin embargo, la epilepsia es una enfermedad en la que actuan diversos factores clinicos que contribuyen a determinar el cuadro clinico del paciente, influyendo en la severidad y el pronostico de los trastornos mnesicos que el paciente puede presentar, lo que provoca un mayor nivel de discapacidad en sus actividades cotidianas (Gregory, Nenert, Allendorfer, Martin, Kana, & Szaflarski, 2015).
La prevalencia de sintomas psicoticos en pacientes que sufren de epilepsia es mayor que en la poblacion general, con tasas entre 2 y 8% (31).