rubra are absent from the epigeal
portion of the anchialine ecosystem in Hawaii.
A total of 33,276 arthropods (298.7 g dry biomass) were collected with pitfall traps (epigeal
fauna) and sweep nets (epiphytic fauna) during the six sampling events.
Monocots (1 cotyledon) Dicots (2 cotyledons) Usually herbaceous Herbaceous or woody Linear leaves with parallel veins Leaves with netted venation Vascular bundles scattered in stem Vascular bundles in a ring Fibrous root system Taproot system Hypogeal germination Usually epigeal
No algae lived on the bottom and epigeal
macrobenthos was scarce, with only a few Holothuria leucospilota.
(low-growing) mosses, such as Hylocomium splendens, Pleurozium schreberi, Ptilium crista-castrensis, Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus, Dicranum scoparium, and many more--often species with a circumpolar distribution--form moss carpets, and though they grow mainly on the soil, like Drepanoclados uncinatus, they also occur on a wide range of substrates.
Soldiers are not present in its colonies, nor does it construct an epigeal
termitarium (Nel 1968).
Termites were collected from all possible microhabitats from which colonies with brood or foragers were accessible including sound dry or decomposing wood, arboreal and epigeal
nests (Nasutitermes and Microcerotermes [Termitidae], respectively), and in soil underneath stones and logs.
Records of epigeal
spiders in Bahia Blanca, in the temperate region of Argentina
The seedling (Figure 1E-G) is phanerocotylar and epigeal
, but the envelopes remain temporarily around the cotyledons.
AND JANSSEN, J., 1991.Influence of pesticides on epigeal
arthropod fauna in laboratory tests.