epidural

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Related to epidurally: peridural, peridural anesthesia

epidural

 [ep″ĭ-du´ral]
situated upon or outside the dura mater.

ep·i·du·ral

(ep'i-dū'răl),
On (or outside) the dura mater. [Usage note: epidural and extradural are nearly synonymous, with the exception that epidural implies immediate proximity to the dura mater, and extradural may be unconnected with it.]
See also: extradural.
Synonym(s): peridural

epidural

(ĕp′ĭ-do͝or′əl, -dyo͝or′-)
adj.
Located on or over the dura mater.
n.
An injection into the epidural space of the spine.

epidural

adjective Referring to the space between the bone of vertebral column and the meninges of the brain or spinal cord noun An epidural injection administered in the epidural space of the vertebral column

ep·i·du·ral

(ep'i-dūr'ăl)
On (or outside) the dura mater.

epidural

External to the DURA MATER, the outer of the three MENINGES covering the brain and spinal cord.
References in periodicals archive ?
When administered epidurally, it is rapidly absorbed into epidural fat and the systemic circulatory system, resulting in minimum contact time with spinal opioid receptors.
Caption: Figure 1--Use of infrared thermography to measure the average surface temperature of the lumbosacral region of each rabbit after epidurally administration of meloxicam (0.2mg [kg.sup.-1]).
Hertler et al., "Cortical stimulation mapping using epidurally implanted thin-film microelectrode arrays," Journal of Neuroscience Methods, vol.
Analgesic, behavioural and cardiopulmonary effects of epidurally injected medetomidine (Domitor) in goats.
BDC, a privately held biopharmaceutical company, is currently conducting a Phase II placebo-controlled proof-of-concept study with the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor, etanercept, epidurally administered to patients with sciatica.
ORLANDO -- Glucocorticosteroids that are epidurally administered produce a transient increase in fasting blood glucose levels in patients with diabetes, according to data presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Pain Medicine.
Swindon & Marlborough NHS Trust has since admitted liability for her being administered Bupivacaine, a potent anaesthetic, intravenously rather than epidurally.
Previous reports of mix-ups between intravenous (IV) and epidural medications have often focused on the risk for harm if an IV product is inadvertently given epidurally (or intrathecally) (Hew, Cyna, & Simmons, 2003; ISMP, 1998, September; ISMP, 2000; ISMP, 2006, April; JCAHO, 2005; Landow, 1985; Salvolini, Bonetti, & Ciritella, 1996; Sigg & Leiken, 1999).
Delivery methods depend on the type of drug being administered, but may include: orally (by mouth), intravenously (either nurse or patient controlled [PCA]), intramuscularly (injection directly into muscle tissue), transdermally (adhesive patches on skin), epidurally (catheter into the spinal column), intrathecally (spinal), subcutaneously (under the skin), topically (on the skin), parentally (within food mixture directly into vein), rectally (suppositories), sublingually (under the tongue), and intranasally (nasal spray; Carpenter, 1997; Cheever, 1999; Cherny, et al., 1995; Hawthorn & Redmond, 1998; McQuay, 1999; Meyers, 1997; Miller, Miller, & Jolley, 2001; Stegman, 2001).
(7) The present study was done to compare the analgesic and sedative effects of these drugs when used epidurally as neuraxial adjuvants with ropivacaine.
Kim, "Therapeutic effect of epidurally administered lipo-prostaglandin E1 agonist in a rat spinal stenosis model," Korean Journal of Pain, vol.