epidural hemorrhage

epidural hemorrhage

a hemorrhage that produces a collection of blood outside the dura mater of the brain or spinal cord. It usually results from tearing of the middle meningeal artery and may be rapidly life threatening. Also called extradural hemorrhage.

epidural hemorrhage

Haemorrhage into the epidural space, which occurs in 10% of patients with severe head trauma; 80% are associated with skull fractures, especially of the temporal bone; many of these disrupt the middle meningeal artery, veins, dural-venous sinuses, and skull vessels.

Clinical findings
Continued bleeding causes intracranial hypertension, uncal herniation and, if untreated, death.
References in periodicals archive ?
7) Children are more predisposed for epidural hemorrhage at this level due to their higher fulcrum of cranial cervical motion and relative ligamentous laxity.
After a series of radiological examinations, CoA complicated with spontaneous spinal epidural hemorrhage was proved, and he was treated successfully.
Among patients having positive CT scan findings epidural hemorrhage was found in 2 (1.
4 Class C (fractured wrist; fractured orbital, fractured right maxillary, right frontal epidural hemorrhage, right distal fracture; fractured feet; fractured wrist, concussion)
An epidural hemorrhage such as this can cause dramatic deterioration in a person's condition within a matter of minutes or up to a few hours later.
An autopsy concluded that Richardson died of an epidural hemorrhage, a condition in which blood builds up between the skull and the tough membrane that surrounds the brain.
She was taken to the emergency room, where she soon died of an epidural hemorrhage.
Additional findings uncovered by MRI included cord compressions (five patients), cord contusion/edema (four), ligamentous injuries (three), epidural hemorrhage (two), and prevertebral edema (one).
There were no incidents of maternal spinal or epidural hemorrhage and no significant neonatal complications.
Three had subdural hemorrhage (SDH), three had concurrent intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), one had subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), one patient had concurrent SDH and epidural hemorrhage, and another one had SAH and SDH.
Epidural hemorrhage is characterized by its lentiform shape and respect of sutural boundaries; it may cross midline.
The traumatic causes include epidural hemorrhage, chronic subdural hemorrhage, severe brain swelling, and hydrocephalus, which can be rapidly confirmed by imaging studies.