epidural haematoma

epidural haematoma

A medical emergency found in 5 to 15% of fatal head injuries, in which blood accumulates in the epidural space due to blood leaking from a torn or disrupted middle meningeal artery, resulting in compression of the brain/dura mater. It is usually caused by a focal impact—either a fall or a blow to the head. Without urgent evacuation of the haematoma, tentorial herniation ensues, often followed by death.
References in periodicals archive ?
Epidural haematoma is a rare but potentially serious complication of neuraxial anaesthesia.
In the 1980s, he did a PhD on epidural haematoma, bleeding in the head.
The side effects and complications include hypotension, pruritus, inadequate analgesia, post puncture headache, nerve damage, infection, and epidural haematoma (1,2).
Outcome after acute traumatic subdural and epidural haematoma in Switzerland: a single-centre experience.
The CT brain scan revealed traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage in 80(29%) patients, followed by subdural haematoma in 70(25%), epidural haematoma in 30(13%), intracranial bleeding in 40(14%) and skull fracture in 50(18%), with a mean Marshall score of 4+-2.2.
Nitahara, "Spontaneous spinal subdural and epidural haematoma in a pregnant patient," The Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology, vol.
Cyclic alternation of paraplegia and leg pain as symptoms of a giant spontaneous spinal epidural haematoma. Acta Neurochir 2014; 156: 2155-7.
"After conducting a CT investigation, it was found that he has epidural haematoma. This means that he had sustained a skull fracture that punctured one of the arteries and was causing a collection of the blood to spread between the skull and the brain," said Dr Ivan Hecimovic, neurology consultant at Rashid Hospital, who conducted the surgery along with Dr Alia Ebrahim Al Mazimi, neurosurgical resident at Rashid Hospital.
Epidural haematoma of the posterior fossa: good results after prompt diagnosis with CT.
Kostuik, "Analysis of the risk factors for the development of post-operative spinal epidural haematoma," The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery--British Volume, vol.
Police said the man suffered a fractured skull, epidural haematoma, and ear injury.
Treatment of unilateral facet joint injuries depends on the degree of bony, ligamentous and cord involvement as well as spinal stability and may be non-operative for simple stable unilateral facet dislocation, as in our patient, (immobilization or closed reduction) or surgical (failed conservative measures, persistent instability, signs of middle column disruption at the outset, cord injury or epidural haematoma requiring surgical decompression).