epidemiological


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epidemiological

epidemiology

(ep?i-de-me-ol'o-je) [ epi- + Gr. demos, people + -logy]
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states and events in populations and the application of this study to the control of health problems. Epidemiology is concerned with the study of epidemic diseases caused by infectious agents and with health-related phenomena including accidents, suicide, climate, toxic agents (e.g., lead, air pollution), and catastrophes due to ionizing radiation.
See: pharmacoepidemiologyepidemiologicepidemiological (ep?i-de-me-o-loj'ik) (ep?i-de-me-o-loj'i-kal), adjective

epidemiological

emanating from or pertaining to epidemiology.

epidemiological associations
the associative relationships between the frequency of occurrence of a disease and its determinants, its predisposing and precipitating causes.
epidemiological intelligence
all of the epidemiological information about a disease occurrence. Includes information gathering over a short period at the time of an outbreak and the more prolonged follow-up of surveillance afterwards.
epidemiological techniques
include case-control study, clinical trials, cohort studies.
References in periodicals archive ?
Including community members in epidemiological studies can be a difficult process for several reasons:
Antioxidants such as vitamin E, which according to epidemiological data may have a powerful preventive effect, are currently caught in scientific limbo.
In contrast to organic food over 200 epidemiological studies with conventional produce have shown that a diet high in fruit and vegetable consumption cuts cancer rates in half.
Davis goes to great lengths to describe her more orthodox views on epidemiological methodology with textbook clarity, but when it comes to more controversial matters--precisely when we most need her to be clear and forceful--she glides quickly over her opponents' objections, pausing only to describe them as flacks for polluting companies.
What kind of study was done--laboratory, epidemiological, or clinical trial?
Although courts should permit experts to testify to opinions utilizing these studies as part of the basis for their opinions, courts should require experts to include epidemiological studies in their opinions.
If you look at the epidemiological data, it's so clear that consumption of these kinds of vegetables is related to a lower cancer risk.
NIEHS's Olden notes that his agency is co-sponsoring a major study "with the NCI and EPA, a large epidemiological project in Iowa and North Carolina, on the health effects of agricultural chemicals on farm workers, pesticide applicators, and their families.
The first can be described as anecdotal or epidemiological which, as discussed above, should be treated with caution.
This report provides comprehensive coverage of the diabetes market, incorporating a disease overview and detailed epidemiological analyses of the therapy area.
The acute respiratory infection incidence increased in Bishkek by 21% on March 5-11, the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance Center reported.

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